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Spring-Boot: Benötigte eine Bean mit dem Namen 'entityManagerFactory', die nicht gefunden werden konnte

Ich entwickle eine Spring Boot-Anwendung mit JPA und stoße auf diesen Fehler. Ich bin nicht sicher, ob ich die korrekten Anmerkungen oder fehlende Abhängigkeiten verwende. Jede Hilfe wäre sehr dankbar.

Dies ist die Fehlermeldung

1:05:28 AM: Executing external task 'bootRun'...
:compileJava
:processResources UP-TO-DATE
:classes
:findMainClass
:bootRun
01:05:35.198 [main] DEBUG org.springframework.boot.devtools.settings.DevToolsSettings - Included patterns for restart : []
01:05:35.201 [main] DEBUG org.springframework.boot.devtools.settings.DevToolsSettings - Excluded patterns for restart : [/spring-boot-starter/target/classes/, /spring-boot-autoconfigure/target/classes/, /spring-boot-starter-[\w-]+/, /spring-boot/target/classes/, /spring-boot-actuator/target/classes/, /spring-boot-devtools/target/classes/]
01:05:35.201 [main] DEBUG org.springframework.boot.devtools.restart.ChangeableUrls - Matching URLs for reloading : [file:/C:/Users/zahid/IdeaProjects/giflib/build/classes/main/, file:/C:/Users/zahid/IdeaProjects/giflib/build/resources/main/]

  .   ____          _            __ _ _
 /\\ / ___'_ __ _ _(_)_ __  __ _ \ \ \ \
( ( )\___ | '_ | '_| | '_ \/ _` | \ \ \ \
 \\/  ___)| |_)| | | | | || (_| |  ) ) ) )
  '  |____| .__|_| |_|_| |_\__, | / / / /
 =========|_|==============|___/=/_/_/_/
 :: Spring Boot ::        (v1.5.3.RELEASE)

2018-01-24 01:05:35.539  INFO 14840 --- [  restartedMain] com.sweng.giflib.Application             : Starting Application on DESKTOP-EKFI3C8 with PID 14840 (C:\Users\zahid\IdeaProjects\giflib\build\classes\main started by zahid in C:\Users\zahid\IdeaProjects\giflib)
2018-01-24 01:05:35.540  INFO 14840 --- [  restartedMain] com.sweng.giflib.Application             : No active profile set, falling back to default profiles: default
2018-01-24 01:05:35.828  INFO 14840 --- [  restartedMain] ationConfigEmbeddedWebApplicationContext : Refreshing org.springframework.boot[email protected]396ad740: startup date [Wed Jan 24 01:05:35 CST 2018]; root of context hierarchy
2018-01-24 01:05:37.685  INFO 14840 --- [  restartedMain] s.b.c.e.t.TomcatEmbeddedServletContainer : Tomcat initialized with port(s): 8080 (http)
2018-01-24 01:05:37.697  INFO 14840 --- [  restartedMain] o.Apache.catalina.core.StandardService   : Starting service Tomcat
2018-01-24 01:05:37.699  INFO 14840 --- [  restartedMain] org.Apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine  : Starting Servlet Engine: Apache Tomcat/8.5.14
2018-01-24 01:05:37.800  INFO 14840 --- [ost-startStop-1] o.a.c.c.C.[Tomcat].[localhost].[/]       : Initializing Spring embedded WebApplicationContext
2018-01-24 01:05:37.801  INFO 14840 --- [ost-startStop-1] o.s.web.context.ContextLoader            : Root WebApplicationContext: initialization completed in 1976 ms
2018-01-24 01:05:37.991  INFO 14840 --- [ost-startStop-1] o.s.b.w.servlet.FilterRegistrationBean   : Mapping filter: 'characterEncodingFilter' to: [/*]
2018-01-24 01:05:37.992  INFO 14840 --- [ost-startStop-1] o.s.b.w.servlet.FilterRegistrationBean   : Mapping filter: 'hiddenHttpMethodFilter' to: [/*]
2018-01-24 01:05:37.992  INFO 14840 --- [ost-startStop-1] o.s.b.w.servlet.FilterRegistrationBean   : Mapping filter: 'httpPutFormContentFilter' to: [/*]
2018-01-24 01:05:37.992  INFO 14840 --- [ost-startStop-1] o.s.b.w.servlet.FilterRegistrationBean   : Mapping filter: 'requestContextFilter' to: [/*]
2018-01-24 01:05:37.993  INFO 14840 --- [ost-startStop-1] .s.DelegatingFilterProxyRegistrationBean : Mapping filter: 'springSecurityFilterChain' to: [/*]
2018-01-24 01:05:37.994  INFO 14840 --- [ost-startStop-1] o.s.b.w.servlet.ServletRegistrationBean  : Mapping servlet: 'dispatcherServlet' to [/]
2018-01-24 01:05:38.291  WARN 14840 --- [  restartedMain] ationConfigEmbeddedWebApplicationContext : Exception encountered during context initialization - cancelling refresh attempt: org.springframework.beans.factory.UnsatisfiedDependencyException: Error creating bean with name 'securityConfig': Unsatisfied dependency expressed through field 'userService'; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.UnsatisfiedDependencyException: Error creating bean with name 'userServiceImpl': Unsatisfied dependency expressed through field 'userRepository'; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'userRepository': Cannot create inner bean '(inner bean)#64397422' of type [org.springframework.orm.jpa.SharedEntityManagerCreator] while setting bean property 'entityManager'; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name '(inner bean)#64397422': Cannot resolve reference to bean 'entityManagerFactory' while setting constructor argument; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.NoSuchBeanDefinitionException: No bean named 'entityManagerFactory' available
2018-01-24 01:05:38.294  INFO 14840 --- [  restartedMain] o.Apache.catalina.core.StandardService   : Stopping service Tomcat
2018-01-24 01:05:38.321  INFO 14840 --- [  restartedMain] utoConfigurationReportLoggingInitializer : 

Error starting ApplicationContext. To display the auto-configuration report re-run your application with 'debug' enabled.
2018-01-24 01:05:38.444 ERROR 14840 --- [  restartedMain] o.s.b.d.LoggingFailureAnalysisReporter   : 

***************************
APPLICATION FAILED TO START
***************************

Description:

Field userRepository in com.sweng.giflib.service.UserServiceImpl required a bean named 'entityManagerFactory' that could not be found.


Action:

Consider defining a bean named 'entityManagerFactory' in your configuration.


BUILD SUCCESSFUL

Total time: 9.681 secs
1:05:38 AM: External task execution finished 'bootRun'.

build.gradle

buildscript {
    ext {
        springBootVersion = '1.5.3.RELEASE'
    }
    repositories {
        mavenCentral()
    }
    dependencies {
        classpath("org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-gradle-plugin:${springBootVersion}")
    }
}


group 'com.sweng'
version '1.0-SNAPSHOT'


apply plugin: 'Java'
apply plugin: 'idea'
apply plugin: 'org.springframework.boot'
apply plugin: 'war'

repositories {
    mavenCentral()
}

springBoot {
    mainClass = "com.sweng.giflib.Application"
}
dependencies {
    compile "org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-data-jpa:$springBootVersion"
    compile "org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-web:$springBootVersion"
    compile "org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-thymeleaf:$springBootVersion"
    compile "org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-devtools:$springBootVersion"
    compile "mysql:mysql-connector-Java"
    compile "org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-security:$springBootVersion"
    compile "org.thymeleaf.extras:thymeleaf-extras-springsecurity4:2.1.2.RELEASE"

    providedRuntime 'org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-Tomcat'
}

application.properties

spring.datasource.url== jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/giflib
spring.db.driver= com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
spring.datasource.username = su
spring.datasource.password = 
spring.jpa.show-sql = true
#spring.jpa.hibernate.ddl-auto = update
spring.jpa.properties.hibernate.dialect = org.hibernate.dialect.MySQL5Dialect
spring.jpa.hibernate.naming.strategy = org.hibernate.cfg.ImprovedNamingStrategy

Application.Java

package com.sweng.giflib;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.EnableAutoConfiguration;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceAutoConfiguration;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.orm.jpa.HibernateJpaAutoConfiguration;
import org.springframework.boot.builder.SpringApplicationBuilder;
import org.springframework.boot.web.support.SpringBootServletInitializer;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.ComponentScan;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.config.EnableJpaRepositories;

@ComponentScan
@Configuration
@EnableAutoConfiguration(exclude = {DataSourceAutoConfiguration.class, HibernateJpaAutoConfiguration.class})
@EnableJpaRepositories(basePackages = "com.sweng.giflib.repository")
@SpringBootApplication(scanBasePackages= "com.sweng.giflib")

public class Application extends SpringBootServletInitializer {

    @Override
    protected SpringApplicationBuilder configure(SpringApplicationBuilder application) {
        return application.sources(Application.class);
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        SpringApplication.run(Application.class, args);
    }

}

UserService.Java

package com.sweng.giflib.service;

import com.sweng.giflib.model.User;
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UserDetailsService;

public interface UserService extends UserDetailsService {
    User findByUsername(String username);
}

UserServiceImpl.Java

package com.sweng.giflib.service;

import com.sweng.giflib.repository.UserRepository;
import com.sweng.giflib.model.User;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UserDetails;
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UsernameNotFoundException;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

@Service
public class UserServiceImpl implements UserService {
    @Autowired
    private UserRepository userRepository;

    @Override
    public User findByUsername(String username)
    {
        return userRepository.findByusername(username);
    }


    @Override
    public UserDetails loadUserByUsername(String username) throws UsernameNotFoundException {
        // Load user from the database (throw exception if not found)
        User user = userRepository.findByusername(username);
        if(user == null) {
            throw new UsernameNotFoundException("User not found");
        }

        // Return user object
        return user;
    }

}

UserRepository.Java

package com.sweng.giflib.repository;


import com.sweng.giflib.model.User;
import org.springframework.data.repository.CrudRepository;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Repository;

@Repository
public interface UserRepository extends CrudRepository<User, Long>{
    User findByusername(String name);

}

User.Java

package com.sweng.giflib.model;

import org.springframework.security.core.GrantedAuthority;
import org.springframework.security.core.authority.SimpleGrantedAuthority;
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UserDetails;

import javax.persistence.*;
import javax.validation.constraints.Size;
import Java.util.ArrayList;
import Java.util.Collection;
import Java.util.List;

@Entity
public class User implements UserDetails {
    @Id
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
    private Long id;

    @Column(unique = true)
    @Size(min = 8, max = 20)
    private String username;

    @Column(length = 100)
    private String password;

    @Column(nullable = false)
    private boolean enabled;

    @OneToOne
    @JoinColumn(name = "role_id")
    private Role role;

    @Override
    public Collection<? extends GrantedAuthority> getAuthorities() {
        List<GrantedAuthority> authorities = new ArrayList<>();
        authorities.add(new SimpleGrantedAuthority(role.getName()));
        return authorities;
    }

    public Long getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(Long id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    @Override
    public String getPassword() {
        return password;
    }

    @Override
    public String getUsername() {
        return username;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isAccountNonExpired() {
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isAccountNonLocked() {
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isCredentialsNonExpired() {
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isEnabled() {
        return enabled;
    }
}
5
Zahid Anwar

Sie müssen entweder exclude = {DataSourceAutoConfiguration.class, HibernateJpaAutoConfiguration.class} entfernen (in diesem Fall konfiguriert Spring Ihre Datenquelle automatisch) oder konfigurieren Sie Ihre Datenquelle manuell

@Bean
@ConfigurationProperties(prefix="spring.datasource")
public DataSource dataSource() {
    return new YourCustomDataSource();
}

UPDATE: Sieht so aus, als hätten Sie einige Fehler in Ihren Eigenschaften:

spring.datasource.url== jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/giflib
spring.db.driver= com.mysql.jdbc.Driver

Versuchen Sie, den zusätzlichen = aus der ersten Zeile zu entfernen, und verwenden Sie spring.datasource.driver-class-name-Eigenschaftenname für die zweite:

spring.datasource.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/giflib
spring.datasource.driver-class-name=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver

Fügen Sie Ihrer MySQL-Abhängigkeit auch eine Version hinzu:

compile "mysql:mysql-connector-Java:6.0.6"

Ich denke, dass Spring aufgrund dieser Fehler Ihren Datenquellentyp nicht automatisch erkennen kann.

1
Kirill Simonov

Sie haben sich entschieden, die automatische Erstellung von EntityManagerFactory zu umgehen. Daher sollten Sie folgende Beans in einer Ihrer Konfigurationsklassen hinzufügen, möglicherweise in der Anwendungsklasse.

private static String PROP_DB_DRIVER_CLASS = "spring.db.driver";
private static String PROP_DB_URL = "spring.datasource.url";
private static String PROP_DB_USER = "spring.datasource.username";
private static String PROP_DB_PASS = "spring.datasource.password";

@Autowired
private Environment env;

@Bean
public DataSource dataSource(){
      DriverManagerDataSource dataSource = new DriverManagerDataSource();
      dataSource.setDriverClassName(env.getProperty(PROP_DB_DRIVER_CLASS));
      dataSource.setUrl(env.getProperty(PROP_DB_URL));
      dataSource.setUsername(env.getProperty(PROP_DB_USER));
      dataSource.setPassword(env.getProperty(PROP_DB_PASS));
      return dataSource;
}

@Bean
public LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean entityManagerFactory() {
      LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean em = new LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean();
      em.setDataSource(dataSource());
      em.setPackagesToScan("com.sweng.giflib.model");

      JpaVendorAdapter vendorAdapter = new HibernateJpaVendorAdapter();
      em.setJpaVendorAdapter(vendorAdapter);
      em.setJpaProperties(additionalProperties());

      return em;
}

Vergessen Sie nicht, die Abhängigkeit des Ruhezustands zu Ihrem Projekt hinzuzufügen.

0
Johna

Führen Sie dasselbe Problem aus, wenn Sie versuchen, Spring Boot mit der MySQL-Datenbank zu verbinden.

Was mich rettete, war das Hinzufügen einer korrekten Version von Hibernate-Core zu meiner Pom-Datei. Ab dem Ruhezustand 5.2.0. Hibernate-Entitymanager wird nicht mehr benötigt. Hibernate-Core 5.2.0 hat ein Problem mit Spring Data JPA, während die Prozessauflistung .Hibernate-core 5.2.1 und darüber mit Spring Data JPA in Ordnung ist, wenn Sie Spring Data JPA verwenden. 

<dependency>
 <groupId>org.hibernate</groupId>
 <artifactId>hibernate-core</artifactId>
 <version> 5.2.1.Final</version>
</dependency>
0
user9347049

Ich habe eine Fehlermeldung wie "eine Bean mit dem Namen 'entityManagerFactory' erhalten, die nicht gefunden werden konnte".

Nach vielem Googeln lösen Sie dieses Problem ... Ich habe die manuelle Konfiguration für JPA eingestellt.

    @Bean 
    public LocalSessionFactoryBean sessionFactory() {
        LocalSessionFactoryBean sessionFactory = new LocalSessionFactoryBean(); 

        return sessionFactory;
    }

jPA sucht jedoch standardmäßig nach sessionFactory nach dem Namen ' entityManagerFactory '

    @Bean(name="entityManagerFactory")
    public LocalSessionFactoryBean sessionFactory() {
        LocalSessionFactoryBean sessionFactory = new LocalSessionFactoryBean();

        return sessionFactory;
    } 
0
pantha istiaque