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UIView unterer Rand?

Zu einer UIScrollView *toScrollView (das ist die Breite des Bildschirms), möchte ich einen grauen unteren Rand hinzufügen (genau wie im To-Feld der Compose-Ansicht der iPhone-App für native Nachrichten).

Um dies zu erreichen, folgte ich Cocoa Touch: Wie ändere ich die Rahmenfarbe und -stärke von UIView? und deckte den oberen Rand mit dem benutzerdefinierten UINavigationBar ab und erstellte das x des toScrollView -Koordinate -1 und Breite 322, so dass der linke und der rechte Rand gerade außerhalb des Bildschirms liegen.

Das sieht gut aus, aber es ist eine Art Hack, und ich habe mich gefragt, ob es einen besseren Weg gibt, dies zu tun.

- (void)viewDidLoad {
    [super viewDidLoad];

    // Add UINavigationBar *navigationBar at top.
    self.navigationItem.leftBarButtonItem = [[UIBarButtonItem alloc]
                                             initWithBarButtonSystemItem:UIBarButtonSystemItemCancel
                                             target:self action:@selector(cancelAction)];
    UINavigationBar *navigationBar = [[UINavigationBar alloc]
                                      initWithFrame:CGRectMake(0.0f, 0.0f, 320.0f, 44.0f)];
    navigationBar.items = [NSArray arrayWithObject:self.navigationItem];

    // Add UIScrollView *toScrollView below navigationBar.
    UIScrollView *toScrollView = [[UIScrollView alloc]
                                  initWithFrame:CGRectMake(-1.0f, 43.0f, 322.0f, 45.0f)];
    toScrollView.backgroundColor = [UIColor whiteColor];
    toScrollView.layer.borderColor = [UIColor colorWithWhite:0.8f alpha:1.0f].CGColor;
    toScrollView.layer.borderWidth = 1.0f;
    [self.view addSubview:toScrollView];
    [self.view addSubview:navigationBar]; // covers top of toScrollView
}
139
ma11hew28

Anstatt ein UIView zu verwenden, wie @ ImreKelényi vorschlägt, können Sie ein CALayer verwenden:

// Add a bottomBorder.
CALayer *bottomBorder = [CALayer layer];

bottomBorder.frame = CGRectMake(0.0f, 43.0f, toScrollView.frame.size.width, 1.0f);

bottomBorder.backgroundColor = [UIColor colorWithWhite:0.8f 
                                                 alpha:1.0f].CGColor;

[toScrollView.layer addSublayer:bottomBorder];
251
ma11hew28

Hier ist eine allgemeinere Swift Erweiterung, um Rahmen für jede UIView -Unterklasse zu erstellen:

import UIKit

extension UIView {      
  func addTopBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
    let border = CALayer()
    border.backgroundColor = color.CGColor
    border.frame = CGRectMake(0, 0, self.frame.size.width, width)
    self.layer.addSublayer(border)
  }

  func addRightBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
    let border = CALayer()
    border.backgroundColor = color.CGColor
    border.frame = CGRectMake(self.frame.size.width - width, 0, width, self.frame.size.height)
    self.layer.addSublayer(border)
  }

  func addBottomBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
    let border = CALayer()
    border.backgroundColor = color.CGColor
    border.frame = CGRectMake(0, self.frame.size.height - width, self.frame.size.width, width)
    self.layer.addSublayer(border)
  }

  func addLeftBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
    let border = CALayer()
    border.backgroundColor = color.CGColor
    border.frame = CGRectMake(0, 0, width, self.frame.size.height)
    self.layer.addSublayer(border)
  }
}

Schnell 3

extension UIView {
    func addTopBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
        let border = CALayer()
        border.backgroundColor = color.cgColor
        border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: self.frame.size.width, height: width)
        self.layer.addSublayer(border)
    }

    func addRightBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
        let border = CALayer()
        border.backgroundColor = color.cgColor
        border.frame = CGRect(x: self.frame.size.width - width, y: 0, width: width, height: self.frame.size.height)
        self.layer.addSublayer(border)
    }

    func addBottomBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
        let border = CALayer()
        border.backgroundColor = color.cgColor
        border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: self.frame.size.height - width, width: self.frame.size.width, height: width)
        self.layer.addSublayer(border)
    }

    func addLeftBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
        let border = CALayer()
        border.backgroundColor = color.cgColor
        border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: width, height: self.frame.size.height)
        self.layer.addSublayer(border)
    }
}
71
confile

Implementiert in einer Kategorie wie folgt:

IButton + Border.h:

@interface UIButton (Border)

- (void)addBottomBorderWithColor: (UIColor *) color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth;

- (void)addLeftBorderWithColor: (UIColor *) color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth;

- (void)addRightBorderWithColor: (UIColor *) color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth;

- (void)addTopBorderWithColor: (UIColor *) color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth;

@end

IButton + Border.m:

@implementation UIButton (Border)

- (void)addTopBorderWithColor:(UIColor *)color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth {
    CALayer *border = [CALayer layer];
    border.backgroundColor = color.CGColor;

    border.frame = CGRectMake(0, 0, self.frame.size.width, borderWidth);
    [self.layer addSublayer:border];
}

- (void)addBottomBorderWithColor:(UIColor *)color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth {
    CALayer *border = [CALayer layer];
    border.backgroundColor = color.CGColor;

    border.frame = CGRectMake(0, self.frame.size.height - borderWidth, self.frame.size.width, borderWidth);
    [self.layer addSublayer:border];
}

- (void)addLeftBorderWithColor:(UIColor *)color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth {
    CALayer *border = [CALayer layer];
    border.backgroundColor = color.CGColor;

    border.frame = CGRectMake(0, 0, borderWidth, self.frame.size.height);
    [self.layer addSublayer:border];
}

- (void)addRightBorderWithColor:(UIColor *)color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth {
    CALayer *border = [CALayer layer];
    border.backgroundColor = color.CGColor;

    border.frame = CGRectMake(self.frame.size.width - borderWidth, 0, borderWidth, self.frame.size.height);
    [self.layer addSublayer:border];
}

@end
60

Swift 4

Wenn Sie eine wirklich adaptive Lösung benötigen (für alle Bildschirmgrößen), dann ist dies:

/**
* Extends UIView with shortcut methods
*
* @author Alexander Volkov
* @version 1.0
*/
extension UIView {

    /// Adds bottom border to the view with given side margins
    ///
    /// - Parameters:
    ///   - color: the border color
    ///   - margins: the left and right margin
    ///   - borderLineSize: the size of the border
    func addBottomBorder(color: UIColor = UIColor.red, margins: CGFloat = 0, borderLineSize: CGFloat = 1) {
        let border = UIView()
        border.backgroundColor = color
        border.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
        self.addSubview(border)
        border.addConstraint(NSLayoutConstraint(item: border,
                                                attribute: .height,
                                                relatedBy: .equal,
                                                toItem: nil,
                                                attribute: .height,
                                                multiplier: 1, constant: borderLineSize))
        self.addConstraint(NSLayoutConstraint(item: border,
                                              attribute: .bottom,
                                              relatedBy: .equal,
                                              toItem: self,
                                              attribute: .bottom,
                                              multiplier: 1, constant: 0))
        self.addConstraint(NSLayoutConstraint(item: border,
                                              attribute: .leading,
                                              relatedBy: .equal,
                                              toItem: self,
                                              attribute: .leading,
                                              multiplier: 1, constant: margins))
        self.addConstraint(NSLayoutConstraint(item: border,
                                              attribute: .trailing,
                                              relatedBy: .equal,
                                              toItem: self,
                                              attribute: .trailing,
                                              multiplier: 1, constant: margins))
    }
}
21

Sie können self.view Ein separates UIView mit 1 Punkt Höhe und grauer Hintergrundfarbe hinzufügen und direkt unter toScrollView positionieren.

BEARBEITEN: Sofern Sie keinen guten Grund haben (einige Dienste von UIView nutzen möchten, die nicht von CALayer angeboten werden), sollten Sie CALayer wie folgt verwenden: @ MattDiPasquale schlägt vor . UIView hat einen höheren Overhead, der in den meisten Fällen kein Problem darstellt. Die andere Lösung ist jedoch eleganter.

17
Imre Kelényi

Lösung für Swift 4

let bottomBorder = CALayer()
        bottomBorder.frame = CGRect(x: 0.0, y: calendarView.frame.size.height-1, width: calendarView.frame.width, height: 1.0)
        bottomBorder.backgroundColor = #colorLiteral(red: 0.8039215803, green: 0.8039215803, blue: 0.8039215803, alpha: 1)
        calendarView.layer.addSublayer(bottomBorder)

Hintergrundfarbe hellgrau. Ändern Sie die Farbe, wenn Sie brauchen.

12
oscar castellon

Es gibt auch einen verbesserten Code mit der Funktion zum Entfernen von Rahmen. Basierend auf Antwort bestätigen .

import UIKit

enum viewBorder: String {
    case Left = "borderLeft"
    case Right = "borderRight"
    case Top = "borderTop"
    case Bottom = "borderBottom"
}

extension UIView {

    func addBorder(vBorder: viewBorder, color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
        let border = CALayer()
        border.backgroundColor = color.CGColor
        border.name = vBorder.rawValue
        switch vBorder {
            case .Left:
                border.frame = CGRectMake(0, 0, width, self.frame.size.height)
            case .Right:
                border.frame = CGRectMake(self.frame.size.width - width, 0, width, self.frame.size.height)
            case .Top:
                border.frame = CGRectMake(0, 0, self.frame.size.width, width)
            case .Bottom:
                border.frame = CGRectMake(0, self.frame.size.height - width, self.frame.size.width, width)
        }
        self.layer.addSublayer(border)
    }

    func removeBorder(border: viewBorder) {
        var layerForRemove: CALayer?
        for layer in self.layer.sublayers! {
            if layer.name == border.rawValue {
                layerForRemove = layer
            }
        }
        if let layer = layerForRemove {
            layer.removeFromSuperlayer()
        }
    }

}

Update: Swift 3

import UIKit

enum ViewBorder: String {
    case left, right, top, bottom
}

extension UIView {

    func add(border: ViewBorder, color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
        let borderLayer = CALayer()
        borderLayer.backgroundColor = color.cgColor
        borderLayer.name = border.rawValue
        switch border {
        case .left:
            borderLayer.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: width, height: self.frame.size.height)
        case .right:
            borderLayer.frame = CGRect(x: self.frame.size.width - width, y: 0, width: width, height: self.frame.size.height)
        case .top:
            borderLayer.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: self.frame.size.width, height: width)
        case .bottom:
            borderLayer.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: self.frame.size.height - width, width: self.frame.size.width, height: width)
        }
        self.layer.addSublayer(borderLayer)
    }

    func remove(border: ViewBorder) {
        guard let sublayers = self.layer.sublayers else { return }
        var layerForRemove: CALayer?
        for layer in sublayers {
            if layer.name == border.rawValue {
                layerForRemove = layer
            }
        }
        if let layer = layerForRemove {
            layer.removeFromSuperlayer()
        }
    }

}

Das Problem bei diesen Erweiterungsmethoden besteht darin, dass Sie beim späteren Anpassen der Größe durch UIView/UIButton die Größe des CALayers nicht an die neue Größe anpassen können. Was Sie mit einer verlegten Grenze verlassen wird. Ich fand es besser, meinen UIButton zu unterordnen, Sie können natürlich auch andere UIViews unterordnen. Hier ist ein Code:

enum BorderedButtonSide {
    case Top, Right, Bottom, Left
}


class BorderedButton : UIButton {

    private var borderTop: CALayer?
    private var borderTopWidth: CGFloat?
    private var borderRight: CALayer?
    private var borderRightWidth: CGFloat?
    private var borderBottom: CALayer?
    private var borderBottomWidth: CGFloat?
    private var borderLeft: CALayer?
    private var borderLeftWidth: CGFloat?


    func setBorder(side: BorderedButtonSide, _ color: UIColor, _ width: CGFloat) {

        let border = CALayer()
        border.backgroundColor = color.CGColor

        switch side {
        case .Top:
            border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: frame.size.width, height: width)
            borderTop?.removeFromSuperlayer()
            borderTop = border
            borderTopWidth = width
        case .Right:
            border.frame = CGRect(x: frame.size.width - width, y: 0, width: width, height: frame.size.height)
            borderRight?.removeFromSuperlayer()
            borderRight = border
            borderRightWidth = width
        case .Bottom:
            border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: frame.size.height - width, width: frame.size.width, height: width)
            borderBottom?.removeFromSuperlayer()
            borderBottom = border
            borderBottomWidth = width
        case .Left:
            border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: width, height: frame.size.height)
            borderLeft?.removeFromSuperlayer()
            borderLeft = border
            borderLeftWidth = width
        }

        layer.addSublayer(border)
    }

    override func layoutSubviews() {
        super.layoutSubviews()
        borderTop?.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: frame.size.width, height: borderTopWidth!)
        borderRight?.frame = CGRect(x: frame.size.width - borderRightWidth!, y: 0, width: borderRightWidth!, height: frame.size.height)
        borderBottom?.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: frame.size.height - borderBottomWidth!, width: frame.size.width, height: borderBottomWidth!)
        borderLeft?.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: borderLeftWidth!, height: frame.size.height)
    }

}
7
Siamaster

Oder die leistungsfreundlichste Methode ist, drawRect einfach so zu überladen:

@interface TPActionSheetButton : UIButton

@property (assign) BOOL drawsTopLine;
@property (assign) BOOL drawsBottomLine;
@property (assign) BOOL drawsRightLine;
@property (assign) BOOL drawsLeftLine;
@property (strong, nonatomic) UIColor * lineColor;

@end

@implementation TPActionSheetButton

- (void) drawRect:(CGRect)rect
{
    CGContextRef ctx = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext();

    CGContextSetLineWidth(ctx, 0.5f * [[UIScreen mainScreen] scale]);
    CGFloat red, green, blue, alpha;
    [self.lineColor getRed:&red green:&green blue:&blue alpha:&alpha];
    CGContextSetRGBStrokeColor(ctx, red, green, blue, alpha);

    if(self.drawsTopLine) {
        CGContextBeginPath(ctx);
        CGContextMoveToPoint(ctx, CGRectGetMinX(rect), CGRectGetMinY(rect));
        CGContextAddLineToPoint(ctx, CGRectGetMaxX(rect), CGRectGetMinY(rect));
        CGContextStrokePath(ctx);
    }
    if(self.drawsBottomLine) {
        CGContextBeginPath(ctx);
        CGContextMoveToPoint(ctx, CGRectGetMinX(rect), CGRectGetMaxY(rect));
        CGContextAddLineToPoint(ctx, CGRectGetMaxX(rect), CGRectGetMaxY(rect));
        CGContextStrokePath(ctx);
    }
    if(self.drawsLeftLine) {
        CGContextBeginPath(ctx);
        CGContextMoveToPoint(ctx, CGRectGetMinX(rect), CGRectGetMinY(rect));
        CGContextAddLineToPoint(ctx, CGRectGetMinX(rect), CGRectGetMaxY(rect));
        CGContextStrokePath(ctx);
    }
    if(self.drawsRightLine) {
        CGContextBeginPath(ctx);
        CGContextMoveToPoint(ctx, CGRectGetMaxX(rect), CGRectGetMinY(rect));
        CGContextAddLineToPoint(ctx, CGRectGetMaxX(rect), CGRectGetMaxY(rect));
        CGContextStrokePath(ctx);
    }

    [super drawRect:rect];
}

@end
6
iago849

Swift 3-Version von Confiles Antwort:

import UIKit

extension UIView {
    func addTopBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
        let border = CALayer()
        border.backgroundColor = color.cgColor
        border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: self.frame.size.width, height: width)
        self.layer.addSublayer(border)
    }

    func addRightBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
        let border = CALayer()
        border.backgroundColor = color.cgColor
        border.frame = CGRect(x: self.frame.size.width - width, y: 0, width: width, height: self.frame.size.height)
        self.layer.addSublayer(border)
    }

    func addBottomBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
        let border = CALayer()
        border.backgroundColor = color.cgColor
        border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: self.frame.size.height - width, width: self.frame.size.width, height: width)
        self.layer.addSublayer(border)
    }

    func addLeftBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
        let border = CALayer()
        border.backgroundColor = color.cgColor
        border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: width, height: self.frame.size.height)
        self.layer.addSublayer(border)
    }
}

Verwendung bei Verwendung des automatischen Layouts:

class CustomView: UIView {

    override func awakeFromNib() {
        super.awakeFromNib()
    }

    override func layoutSubviews() {
        addBottomBorderWithColor(color: UIColor.white, width: 1)
    }
}
5
spogebob92

Swift

Erstellen Sie eine UIView-Erweiterung

private var bottomLineColorAssociatedKey : UIColor = .black
private var topLineColorAssociatedKey : UIColor = .black
private var rightLineColorAssociatedKey : UIColor = .black
private var leftLineColorAssociatedKey : UIColor = .black
extension UIView {
    @IBInspectable var bottomLineColor: UIColor {
        get {
            if let color = objc_getAssociatedObject(self, &bottomLineColorAssociatedKey) as? UIColor {
                return color
            } else {
                return .black
            }
        } set {
            objc_setAssociatedObject(self, &bottomLineColorAssociatedKey, newValue, .OBJC_ASSOCIATION_RETAIN)
        }
    }
    @IBInspectable var bottomLineWidth: CGFloat {
        get {
            return self.bottomLineWidth
        }
        set {
            DispatchQueue.main.async {
                self.addBottomBorderWithColor(color: self.bottomLineColor, width: newValue)
            }
        }
    }
    @IBInspectable var topLineColor: UIColor {
        get {
            if let color = objc_getAssociatedObject(self, &topLineColorAssociatedKey) as? UIColor {
                return color
            } else {
                return .black
            }
        } set {
            objc_setAssociatedObject(self, &topLineColorAssociatedKey, newValue, .OBJC_ASSOCIATION_RETAIN)
        }
    }
    @IBInspectable var topLineWidth: CGFloat {
        get {
            return self.topLineWidth
        }
        set {
            DispatchQueue.main.async {
                self.addTopBorderWithColor(color: self.topLineColor, width: newValue)
            }
        }
    }
    @IBInspectable var rightLineColor: UIColor {
        get {
            if let color = objc_getAssociatedObject(self, &rightLineColorAssociatedKey) as? UIColor {
                return color
            } else {
                return .black
            }
        } set {
            objc_setAssociatedObject(self, &rightLineColorAssociatedKey, newValue, .OBJC_ASSOCIATION_RETAIN)
        }
    }
    @IBInspectable var rightLineWidth: CGFloat {
        get {
            return self.rightLineWidth
        }
        set {
            DispatchQueue.main.async {
                self.addRightBorderWithColor(color: self.rightLineColor, width: newValue)
            }
        }
    }
    @IBInspectable var leftLineColor: UIColor {
        get {
            if let color = objc_getAssociatedObject(self, &leftLineColorAssociatedKey) as? UIColor {
                return color
            } else {
                return .black
            }
        } set {
            objc_setAssociatedObject(self, &leftLineColorAssociatedKey, newValue, .OBJC_ASSOCIATION_RETAIN)
        }
    }
    @IBInspectable var leftLineWidth: CGFloat {
        get {
            return self.leftLineWidth
        }
        set {
            DispatchQueue.main.async {
                self.addLeftBorderWithColor(color: self.leftLineColor, width: newValue)
            }
        }
    }
    func addTopBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
        let border = CALayer()
        border.name = "topBorderLayer"
        removePreviouslyAddedLayer(name: border.name ?? "")
        border.backgroundColor = color.cgColor
        border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y : 0,width: self.frame.size.width, height: width)
        self.layer.addSublayer(border)
    }

    func addRightBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
        let border = CALayer()
        border.name = "rightBorderLayer"
        removePreviouslyAddedLayer(name: border.name ?? "")
        border.backgroundColor = color.cgColor
        border.frame = CGRect(x: self.frame.size.width - width, y: 0, width : width, height :self.frame.size.height)
        self.layer.addSublayer(border)
    }

    func addBottomBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
        let border = CALayer()
        border.name = "bottomBorderLayer"
        removePreviouslyAddedLayer(name: border.name ?? "")
        border.backgroundColor = color.cgColor
        border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: self.frame.size.height - width,width : self.frame.size.width,height: width)
        self.layer.addSublayer(border)
    }

    func addLeftBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
        let border = CALayer()
        border.name = "leftBorderLayer"
        removePreviouslyAddedLayer(name: border.name ?? "")
        border.backgroundColor = color.cgColor
        border.frame = CGRect(x:0, y:0,width : width, height : self.frame.size.height)
        self.layer.addSublayer(border)
    }
    func removePreviouslyAddedLayer(name : String) {
        if self.layer.sublayers?.count ?? 0 > 0 {
            self.layer.sublayers?.forEach {
                if $0.name == name {
                    $0.removeFromSuperlayer()
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

Ziel C

Erstellen Sie eine Kategorie-Klasse von UIView

UIView + Border.h

#import <UIKit/UIKit.h>
#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>
@interface UIView (Border) 

@property (nonatomic) IBInspectable UIColor *topLineColor;
@property (nonatomic) IBInspectable CGFloat topLineWidth;
@property (nonatomic) IBInspectable UIColor *bottomLineColor;
@property (nonatomic) IBInspectable CGFloat bottomLineWidth;
@property (nonatomic) IBInspectable UIColor *rightLineColor;
@property (nonatomic) IBInspectable CGFloat rightLineWidth;
@property (nonatomic) IBInspectable UIColor *leftLineColor;
@property (nonatomic) IBInspectable CGFloat leftLineWidth;

- (void)addBottomBorderWithColor: (UIColor *) color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth;

- (void)addLeftBorderWithColor: (UIColor *) color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth;

- (void)addRightBorderWithColor: (UIColor *) color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth;

- (void)addTopBorderWithColor: (UIColor *) color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth;

@end

UIView + Border.m

#import "UIView+Border.h"
#import <objc/runtime.h>
static char bottomLineColorKey,topLineColorKey,rightLineColorKey,leftLineColorKey;
@implementation UIView(Border)
@dynamic bottomLineWidth,topLineWidth,rightLineWidth,leftLineWidth;


// for Bottom Line
- (UIColor *)bottomLineColor {
    return objc_getAssociatedObject(self, &bottomLineColorKey);
}
- (void)setBottomLineColor:(UIColor *)bottomLineColor {
    objc_setAssociatedObject(self, &bottomLineColorKey,
                             bottomLineColor, OBJC_ASSOCIATION_RETAIN_NONATOMIC);
}
-(void)setBottomLineWidth:(CGFloat)bottomLineWidth {
    dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{
        [self addBottomBorderWithColor:[self bottomLineColor] andWidth:bottomLineWidth];
    });
}
// for top Line
- (UIColor *)topLineColor {
    return objc_getAssociatedObject(self, &topLineColorKey);
}
- (void)setTopLineColor:(UIColor *)topLineColor {
    objc_setAssociatedObject(self, &topLineColorKey,
                             topLineColor, OBJC_ASSOCIATION_RETAIN_NONATOMIC);
}
- (void)setTopLineWidth:(CGFloat)topLineWidth{
    dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{
        [self addTopBorderWithColor:[self topLineColor] andWidth:topLineWidth];
    });
}
// for right Line
- (UIColor *)rightLineColor {
    return objc_getAssociatedObject(self, &rightLineColorKey);
}
-(void)setRightLineColor:(UIColor *)rightLineColor {
    objc_setAssociatedObject(self, &rightLineColorKey,
                             rightLineColor, OBJC_ASSOCIATION_RETAIN_NONATOMIC);
}
-(void)setRightLineWidth:(CGFloat)rightLineWidth{
    dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{
        [self addRightBorderWithColor:[self rightLineColor] andWidth:rightLineWidth];
    });
}
// for left Line
-(UIColor *)leftLineColor {
    return objc_getAssociatedObject(self, &leftLineColorKey);
}
-(void)setLeftLineColor:(UIColor *)leftLineColor{
    objc_setAssociatedObject(self, &leftLineColorKey,
                             leftLineColor, OBJC_ASSOCIATION_RETAIN_NONATOMIC);
}
-(void)setLeftLineWidth:(CGFloat)leftLineWidth{
    dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{
        [self addLeftBorderWithColor:[self leftLineColor] andWidth:leftLineWidth];
    });
}

- (void)addTopBorderWithColor:(UIColor *)color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth {
    CALayer *border = [CALayer layer];
    border.name = @"topBorderLayer";
    [self removePreviouslyAddedLayer:border.name];
    border.backgroundColor = color.CGColor;
    border.frame = CGRectMake(0, 0, self.frame.size.width, borderWidth);
    [self.layer addSublayer:border];
}

- (void)addBottomBorderWithColor:(UIColor *)color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth {
    CALayer *border = [CALayer layer];
    border.name = @"bottomBorderLayer";
    [self removePreviouslyAddedLayer:border.name];
    border.backgroundColor = color.CGColor;
    border.frame = CGRectMake(0, self.frame.size.height - borderWidth, self.frame.size.width, borderWidth);
    [self.layer addSublayer:border];
}

- (void)addLeftBorderWithColor:(UIColor *)color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth {
    CALayer *border = [CALayer layer];
    border.name = @"leftBorderLayer";
    [self removePreviouslyAddedLayer:border.name];
    border.backgroundColor = color.CGColor;
    border.frame = CGRectMake(0, 0, borderWidth, self.frame.size.height);
    [self.layer addSublayer:border];
}

- (void)addRightBorderWithColor:(UIColor *)color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth {
    CALayer *border = [CALayer layer];
    border.name = @"rightBorderLayer";
    [self removePreviouslyAddedLayer:border.name];
    border.backgroundColor = color.CGColor;
    border.frame = CGRectMake(self.frame.size.width - borderWidth, 0, borderWidth, self.frame.size.height);
    [self.layer addSublayer:border];
}
- (void)removePreviouslyAddedLayer:(NSString *)name {
    if (self.layer.sublayers.count > 0) {
        for (CALayer *layer in self.layer.sublayers) {
            if ([layer.name isEqualToString:name]) {
                [layer removeFromSuperlayer];
            }
        }
    }
}
@end

Verwendung: - Wählen Sie ein Steuerelement aus dem Storyboard aus und zeigen Sie den Attributinspektor an (rechte Seite) Zeit.)

Jetzt können Sie jede Seite der Rahmenfarbe und -breite einstellen.

4
Datt Patel

Ich habe eine allgemeine Methode geschrieben, die in jedem UIView einen Rand an jeder beliebigen Seite hinzufügt. Sie können Dicke, Farbe, Ränder und zOrder für jede Seite definieren.

/*
 view: the view to draw border around
 thickness: thickness of the border on the given side
 color: color of the border on the given side
 margin: space between the border's outer Edge and the view's frame Edge on the given side.
 zOrder: defines the order to add the borders to the view.  The borders will be added by zOrder from lowest to highest, thus making the highest priority border visible when two borders overlap at the corners.
*/

    +(void) drawBorderAroundUIView:(UIView *) view thicknessLeft:(CGFloat) thicknessLeft colorLeft:(UIColor *)colorLeft marginLeft:(CGFloat) marginLeft zOrderLeft:(int) zOrderLeft thicknessRight:(CGFloat) thicknessRight colorRight:(UIColor *)colorRight marginRight:(CGFloat) marginRight zOrderRight:(int) zOrderRight thicknessTop:(CGFloat) thicknessTop colorTop:(UIColor *)colorTop marginTop:(CGFloat) marginTop zOrderTop:(int) zOrderTop thicknessBottom:(CGFloat) thicknessBottom colorBottom:(UIColor *)colorBottom marginBottom:(CGFloat) marginBottom zOrderBottom:(int) zOrderBottom{
    //make margins be the outside Edge and make positive margin represent a smaller rectangle
    marginBottom = -1 * marginBottom - thicknessBottom;
    marginTop = -1 * marginTop - thicknessTop;
    marginLeft = -1 * marginLeft - thicknessLeft;
    marginRight = -1 * marginRight - thicknessRight;

    //get reference points for corners
    CGPoint upperLeftCorner = CGPointZero;
    CGPoint lowerLeftCorner = CGPointMake(upperLeftCorner.x, upperLeftCorner.y + view.frame.size.height);
    CGPoint upperRightCorner = CGPointMake(upperLeftCorner.x + view.frame.size.width, upperLeftCorner.y);

    //left
    CALayer *leftBorder = [CALayer layer];
    leftBorder.frame = CGRectMake(upperLeftCorner.x - thicknessLeft - marginLeft, upperLeftCorner.y - thicknessTop - marginTop, thicknessLeft, view.frame.size.height + marginTop + marginBottom + thicknessBottom + thicknessTop);
    leftBorder.backgroundColor = colorLeft.CGColor;

    //right
    CALayer *rightBorder = [CALayer layer];
    rightBorder.frame = CGRectMake(upperRightCorner.x + marginRight, upperRightCorner.y - thicknessTop - marginTop, thicknessRight, view.frame.size.height + marginTop + marginBottom + thicknessBottom + thicknessTop);
    rightBorder.backgroundColor = colorRight.CGColor;

    //top
    CALayer *topBorder = [CALayer layer];
    topBorder.frame = CGRectMake(upperLeftCorner.x - thicknessLeft - marginLeft, upperLeftCorner.y - thicknessTop - marginTop, view.frame.size.width + marginLeft + marginRight + thicknessLeft + thicknessRight, thicknessTop);
    topBorder.backgroundColor = colorTop.CGColor;

    //bottom
    CALayer *bottomBorder = [CALayer layer];
    bottomBorder.frame = CGRectMake(upperLeftCorner.x - thicknessLeft - marginLeft, lowerLeftCorner.y + marginBottom, view.frame.size.width + marginLeft + marginRight + thicknessLeft + thicknessRight, thicknessBottom);
    bottomBorder.backgroundColor = colorBottom.CGColor;

    //define dictionary keys to be used for adding borders in order of zOrder
    NSString *borderDK = @"border";
    NSString *zOrderDK = @"zOrder";

    //storing borders in dictionaries in preparation to add them in order of zOrder
    NSDictionary *leftBorderDictionary = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObjectsAndKeys:leftBorder, borderDK, [NSNumber numberWithInt:zOrderLeft], zOrderDK, nil];
    NSDictionary *rightBorderDictionary = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObjectsAndKeys:rightBorder, borderDK, [NSNumber numberWithInt:zOrderRight], zOrderDK, nil];
    NSDictionary *topBorderDictionary = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObjectsAndKeys:topBorder, borderDK, [NSNumber numberWithInt:zOrderTop], zOrderDK, nil];
    NSDictionary *bottomBorderDictionary = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObjectsAndKeys:bottomBorder, borderDK, [NSNumber numberWithInt:zOrderBottom], zOrderDK, nil];

    NSMutableArray *borders = [NSMutableArray arrayWithObjects:leftBorderDictionary, rightBorderDictionary, topBorderDictionary, bottomBorderDictionary, nil];

    //add borders in order of zOrder (lowest -> highest).  Thus the highest zOrder will be added last so it will be on top.
    while (borders.count)
    {
        //look for the next lowest zOrder border to add
        NSDictionary *nextBorderToLayDown = [borders objectAtIndex:0];
        for (int indexOfBorder = 0; indexOfBorder < borders.count; indexOfBorder++)
        {
            NSDictionary *borderAtIndex = [borders objectAtIndex:indexOfBorder];
            if ([[borderAtIndex objectForKey:zOrderDK] intValue] < [[nextBorderToLayDown objectForKey:zOrderDK] intValue])
            {
                nextBorderToLayDown = borderAtIndex;
            }
        }
        //add the border to the view
        [view.layer addSublayer:[nextBorderToLayDown objectForKey:borderDK]];
        [borders removeObject:nextBorderToLayDown];
    }
}
2
Ted McLeod

Schnell 4

Basierend auf https://stackoverflow.com/a/32513578/5391914

import UIKit
enum viewBorder: String {
    case Left = "borderLeft"
    case Right = "borderRight"
    case Top = "borderTop"
    case Bottom = "borderBottom"
}

extension UIView {

    func addBorder(vBorders: [viewBorder], color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
        vBorders.forEach { vBorder in
            let border = CALayer()
            border.backgroundColor = color.cgColor
            border.name = vBorder.rawValue
            switch vBorder {
            case .Left:
                border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: width, height: self.frame.size.height)
            case .Right:
                border.frame = CGRect(x:self.frame.size.width - width, y: 0, width: width, height: self.frame.size.height)
            case .Top:
                border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: self.frame.size.width, height: width)
            case .Bottom:
                border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: self.frame.size.height - width , width: self.frame.size.width, height: width)
            }
            self.layer.addSublayer(border)
        }
    }
}
1
Hamed

Wenn Sie Einschränkungen verwenden (und daher nicht über die Rahmengrößen verfügen), können Sie eine Rahmenansicht mit den erforderlichen Einschränkungen hinzufügen

// MARK: - Add a border to one side of a view

public enum BorderSide {
    case top, bottom, left, right
}

extension UIView {
    public func addBorder(side: BorderSide, color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
        let border = UIView()
        border.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
        border.backgroundColor = color
        self.addSubview(border)

        let topConstraint = topAnchor.constraint(equalTo: border.topAnchor)
        let rightConstraint = trailingAnchor.constraint(equalTo: border.trailingAnchor)
        let bottomConstraint = bottomAnchor.constraint(equalTo: border.bottomAnchor)
        let leftConstraint = leadingAnchor.constraint(equalTo: border.leadingAnchor)
        let heightConstraint = border.heightAnchor.constraint(equalToConstant: width)
        let widthConstraint = border.widthAnchor.constraint(equalToConstant: width)


        switch side {
        case .top:
            NSLayoutConstraint.activate([leftConstraint, topConstraint, rightConstraint, heightConstraint])
        case .right:
            NSLayoutConstraint.activate([topConstraint, rightConstraint, bottomConstraint, widthConstraint])
        case .bottom:
            NSLayoutConstraint.activate([rightConstraint, bottomConstraint, leftConstraint, heightConstraint])
        case .left:
            NSLayoutConstraint.activate([bottomConstraint, leftConstraint, topConstraint, widthConstraint])
        }
    }
}

Stellen Sie dann so etwas wie das Folgende ein

myButton.addBorder(side: .left, color: UIColor.lightGray, width: 1)

(inspiriert von diese Antwort )

1
Inti

Swift 4/

Sie können diese Lösung unten verwenden. Es funktioniert auf UIBezierPaths, die leichter als Ebenen sind, was zu schnellen Startzeiten führt. Es ist einfach zu bedienen, siehe Anweisungen unten.

class ResizeBorderView: UIView {
    var color = UIColor.white
    var lineWidth: CGFloat = 1
    var edges = [UIRectEdge](){
        didSet {
            setNeedsDisplay()
        }
    }
    override func draw(_ rect: CGRect) {
        if edges.contains(.top) || edges.contains(.all){
            let path = UIBezierPath()
            path.lineWidth = lineWidth
            color.setStroke()
            UIColor.blue.setFill()
            path.move(to: CGPoint(x: 0, y: 0 + lineWidth / 2))
            path.addLine(to: CGPoint(x: self.bounds.width, y: 0 + lineWidth / 2))
            path.stroke()
        }
        if edges.contains(.bottom) || edges.contains(.all){
            let path = UIBezierPath()
            path.lineWidth = lineWidth
            color.setStroke()
            UIColor.blue.setFill()
            path.move(to: CGPoint(x: 0, y: self.bounds.height - lineWidth / 2))
            path.addLine(to: CGPoint(x: self.bounds.width, y: self.bounds.height - lineWidth / 2))
            path.stroke()
        }
        if edges.contains(.left) || edges.contains(.all){
            let path = UIBezierPath()
            path.lineWidth = lineWidth
            color.setStroke()
            UIColor.blue.setFill()
            path.move(to: CGPoint(x: 0 + lineWidth / 2, y: 0))
            path.addLine(to: CGPoint(x: 0 + lineWidth / 2, y: self.bounds.height))
            path.stroke()
        }
        if edges.contains(.right) || edges.contains(.all){
            let path = UIBezierPath()
            path.lineWidth = lineWidth
            color.setStroke()
            UIColor.blue.setFill()
            path.move(to: CGPoint(x: self.bounds.width - lineWidth / 2, y: 0))
            path.addLine(to: CGPoint(x: self.bounds.width - lineWidth / 2, y: self.bounds.height))
            path.stroke()
        }
    }
}
  1. Setzen Sie die Klasse Ihres UIView auf ResizeBorderView
  2. Legen Sie die Farbe und die Linienbreite mithilfe von yourview.color und yourview.lineWidth in Ihrer viewDidAppear-Methode fest
  3. Stellen Sie die Kanten ein, Beispiel: yourview.edges = [.right, .left] ([.all]) für alle
  4. Genießen Sie den schnellen Einstieg und die Größenänderung von Rändern
1
J. Doe

Sie müssen nicht für jeden Rand eine Ebene hinzufügen, sondern können ihn nur einmal mit einem Bezier-Pfad zeichnen.

CGRect rect = self.bounds;

CGPoint destPoint[4] = {CGPointZero,
    (CGPoint){0, rect.size.height},
    (CGPoint){rect.size.width, rect.size.height},
    (CGPoint){rect.size.width, 0}};

BOOL position[4] = {_top, _left, _bottom, _right};

UIBezierPath *path = [UIBezierPath new];
[path moveToPoint:destPoint[3]];

for (int i = 0; i < 4; ++i) {
    if (position[i]) {
        [path addLineToPoint:destPoint[i]];
    } else {
        [path moveToPoint:destPoint[i]];
    }
}

CAShapeLayer *borderLayer = [CAShapeLayer new];
borderLayer.frame = self.bounds;
borderLayer.path  = path.CGPath;
borderLayer.lineWidth   = _borderWidth ?: 1 / [UIScreen mainScreen].scale;
borderLayer.strokeColor = _borderColor.CGColor;
borderLayer.fillColor   = [UIColor clearColor].CGColor;

[self.layer addSublayer:borderLayer];
1
Ge Liu

Swift 4

Basierend auf: https://stackoverflow.com/a/32821607/99808

UIView + Border

extension UIView {

  enum ViewBorder: String {
      case left, right, top, bottom
  }

  func add(Border border: ViewBorder, withColor color: UIColor = UIColor.lightGray, andWidth width: CGFloat = 1.0) {

    let borderView = UIView()
    borderView.backgroundColor = color
    borderView.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
    self.addSubview(borderView)
    NSLayoutConstraint.activate(getConstrainsFor(forView: borderView, WithBorderType: border, andWidth: width))
  }

  private func getConstrainsFor(forView borderView: UIView, WithBorderType border: ViewBorder, andWidth width: CGFloat) -> [NSLayoutConstraint] {

    let height = borderView.heightAnchor.constraint(equalToConstant: width)
    let widthAnchor = borderView.widthAnchor.constraint(equalToConstant: width)
    let leading = borderView.leadingAnchor.constraint(equalTo: self.leadingAnchor)
    let trailing = borderView.trailingAnchor.constraint(equalTo: self.trailingAnchor)
    let top = borderView.topAnchor.constraint(equalTo: self.topAnchor)
    let bottom = borderView.bottomAnchor.constraint(equalTo: self.bottomAnchor)

    switch border {

    case .bottom:
        return [bottom, leading, trailing, height]

    case .top:
        return [top, leading, trailing, height]

    case .left:
        return [top, bottom, leading, widthAnchor]

    case .right:
        return [top, bottom, trailing, widthAnchor]
    }
}

}

Verwendung: -

class ViewController: UIViewController {

@IBOutlet weak var sampleView: UIView!
override func viewDidLoad() {
    super.viewDidLoad()
    // Do any additional setup after loading the view, typically from a nib.
    sampleView.add(Border: .bottom)
}

override func didReceiveMemoryWarning() {
    super.didReceiveMemoryWarning()
    // Dispose of any resources that can be recreated.
}
}
1

Swift 4 Erweiterung mit Randbreite und Farbe. Funktioniert super!

@IBDesignable
final class SideBorders: UIView {
@IBInspectable var topColor: UIColor = UIColor.clear
@IBInspectable var topWidth: CGFloat = 0

@IBInspectable var rightColor: UIColor = UIColor.clear
@IBInspectable var rightWidth: CGFloat = 0

@IBInspectable var bottomColor: UIColor = UIColor.clear
@IBInspectable var bottomWidth: CGFloat = 0

@IBInspectable var leftColor: UIColor = UIColor.clear
@IBInspectable var leftWidth: CGFloat = 0

override func draw(_ rect: CGRect) {
    let topBorder = CALayer()
    topBorder.backgroundColor = topColor.cgColor
    topBorder.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: self.frame.size.width, height: topWidth)
    self.layer.addSublayer(topBorder)

    let rightBorder = CALayer()
    rightBorder.backgroundColor = rightColor.cgColor
    rightBorder.frame = CGRect(x: self.frame.size.width - rightWidth, y: 0, width: rightWidth, height: self.frame.size.height)
    self.layer.addSublayer(rightBorder)

    let bottomBorder = CALayer()
    bottomBorder.backgroundColor = bottomColor.cgColor
    bottomBorder.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: self.frame.size.height - bottomWidth, width: self.frame.size.width, height: bottomWidth)
    self.layer.addSublayer(bottomBorder)

    let leftBorder = CALayer()
    leftBorder.backgroundColor = leftColor.cgColor
    leftBorder.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: self.frame.size.height - leftWidth, width: self.frame.size.width, height: leftWidth)
    self.layer.addSublayer(leftBorder)
}

}

0
Rmalmoe

Die vollständigste Antwort. https://github.com/oney/UIView-Border

let rectangle = UIView(frame: CGRect(x: 100, y: 100, width: 100, height: 60))
rectangle.backgroundColor = UIColor.grayColor()
view.addSubview(rectangle)
rectangle.borderTop = Border(size: 3, color: UIColor.orangeColor(), offset: UIEdgeInsets(top: 0, left: -10, bottom: 0, right: -5))
rectangle.borderBottom = Border(size: 6, color: UIColor.redColor(), offset: UIEdgeInsets(top: 0, left: 10, bottom: 10, right: 0))
rectangle.borderLeft = Border(size: 2, color: UIColor.blueColor(), offset: UIEdgeInsets(top: 10, left: -10, bottom: 0, right: 0))
rectangle.borderRight = Border(size: 2, color: UIColor.greenColor(), offset: UIEdgeInsets(top: 10, left: 10, bottom: 0, right: 0))

enter image description here

0
Howard