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Ändern der Bildgröße in asp.net, ohne die Bildqualität zu beeinträchtigen

Ich entwickle eine ASP.NET 3.5-Webanwendung, in der meine Benutzer entweder JPEG-, GIF-, BMP- oder PNG-Bilder hochladen können. Wenn die Größe der hochgeladenen Bilder größer als 103 x 32 ist, möchte ich die Größe des hochgeladenen Bildes auf 103 x 32 ändern. Ich habe einige Blogbeiträge und Artikel gelesen und auch einige Codebeispiele ausprobiert, aber nichts scheint richtig zu funktionieren. Hat es jemandem geschafft, dies zu tun? 

34
Kumar

Ich hatte das gleiche Problem vor einiger Zeit und ging damit folgendermaßen um:

private Image RezizeImage(Image img, int maxWidth, int maxHeight)
{
    if(img.Height < maxHeight && img.Width < maxWidth) return img;
    using (img)
    {
        Double xRatio = (double)img.Width / maxWidth;
        Double yRatio = (double)img.Height / maxHeight;
        Double ratio = Math.Max(xRatio, yRatio);
        int nnx = (int)Math.Floor(img.Width / ratio);
        int nny = (int)Math.Floor(img.Height / ratio);
        Bitmap cpy = new Bitmap(nnx, nny, PixelFormat.Format32bppArgb);
        using (Graphics gr = Graphics.FromImage(cpy))
        {
            gr.Clear(Color.Transparent);

            // This is said to give best quality when resizing images
            gr.InterpolationMode = InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;

            gr.DrawImage(img,
                new Rectangle(0, 0, nnx, nny),
                new Rectangle(0, 0, img.Width, img.Height),
                GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
        }
        return cpy;
    }

}

private MemoryStream BytearrayToStream(byte[] arr)
{
    return new MemoryStream(arr, 0, arr.Length);
}

private void HandleImageUpload(byte[] binaryImage)
{
    Image img = RezizeImage(Image.FromStream(BytearrayToStream(binaryImage)), 103, 32);
    img.Save("IMAGELOCATION.png", System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Gif);
}

Ich habe gerade gelesen, dass dies die beste Qualität ist.

33
Alxandr

Dies ist der Code, den ich verwende. Es unterstützt die Rotation und stellt auch die Bildauflösung auf den JPEG-Standard von 72 dpi bei 24-Bit-Farbe ein (standardmäßig speichert GDI + Bilder bei 96 dpi bei 32-Bit-Farbe). Außerdem wird das schwarze/graue Rahmenproblem behoben, das bei manchen Benutzern beim Ändern der Bildgröße auftritt.

/// <summary>
/// Resizes and rotates an image, keeping the original aspect ratio. Does not dispose the original
/// Image instance.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="image">Image instance</param>
/// <param name="width">desired width</param>
/// <param name="height">desired height</param>
/// <param name="rotateFlipType">desired RotateFlipType</param>
/// <returns>new resized/rotated Image instance</returns>
public static Image Resize(Image image, int width, int height, RotateFlipType rotateFlipType)
{
    // clone the Image instance, since we don't want to resize the original Image instance
    var rotatedImage = image.Clone() as Image;
    rotatedImage.RotateFlip(rotateFlipType);
    var newSize = CalculateResizedDimensions(rotatedImage, width, height);

    var resizedImage = new Bitmap(newSize.Width, newSize.Height, PixelFormat.Format32bppArgb);
    resizedImage.SetResolution(72, 72);

    using (var graphics = Graphics.FromImage(resizedImage))
    {
        // set parameters to create a high-quality thumbnail
        graphics.InterpolationMode = InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;
        graphics.SmoothingMode = SmoothingMode.AntiAlias;
        graphics.CompositingQuality = CompositingQuality.HighQuality;
        graphics.PixelOffsetMode = PixelOffsetMode.HighQuality;

        // use an image attribute in order to remove the black/gray border around image after resize
        // (most obvious on white images), see this post for more information:
        // http://www.codeproject.com/KB/GDI-plus/imgresizoutperfgdiplus.aspx
        using (var attribute = new ImageAttributes())
        {
            attribute.SetWrapMode(WrapMode.TileFlipXY);

            // draws the resized image to the bitmap
            graphics.DrawImage(rotatedImage, new Rectangle(new Point(0, 0), newSize), 0, 0, rotatedImage.Width, rotatedImage.Height, GraphicsUnit.Pixel, attribute);
        }
    }

    return resizedImage;
}

/// <summary>
/// Calculates resized dimensions for an image, preserving the aspect ratio.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="image">Image instance</param>
/// <param name="desiredWidth">desired width</param>
/// <param name="desiredHeight">desired height</param>
/// <returns>Size instance with the resized dimensions</returns>
private static Size CalculateResizedDimensions(Image image, int desiredWidth, int desiredHeight)
{
    var widthScale = (double)desiredWidth / image.Width;
    var heightScale = (double)desiredHeight / image.Height;

    // scale to whichever ratio is smaller, this works for both scaling up and scaling down
    var scale = widthScale < heightScale ? widthScale : heightScale;

    return new Size
                   {
                       Width = (int) (scale * image.Width),
                       Height = (int) (scale * image.Height)
                   };
}
41
Daniel T.

Der mit der tatsächlichen Größenänderung der Bitmap verbundene Code sieht wie folgt aus.

public static Bitmap ResizeBitmap( Bitmap originalBitmap, int requiredHeight, int requiredWidth )
{
   int[] heightWidthRequiredDimensions;

   // Pass dimensions to worker method depending on image type required
   heightWidthRequiredDimensions = WorkDimensions(originalBitmap.Height, originalBitmap.Width, requiredHeight, requiredWidth);


   Bitmap resizedBitmap = new Bitmap( heightWidthRequiredDimensions[1],
                                      heightWidthRequiredDimensions[0] );

   const float resolution = 72;

   resizedBitmap.SetResolution( resolution, resolution );

   Graphics graphic = Graphics.FromImage( (Image) resizedBitmap );

   graphic.InterpolationMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;
   graphic.DrawImage( originalBitmap, 0, 0, resizedBitmap.Width, resizedBitmap.Height );

   graphic.Dispose();
   originalBitmap.Dispose();
   //resizedBitmap.Dispose(); // Still in use


   return resizedBitmap;
}


private static int[] WorkDimensions(int originalHeight, int originalWidth, int requiredHeight, int requiredWidth )
{
   int imgHeight = 0;
   int imgWidth = 0;

   imgWidth = requiredHeight;
   imgHeight = requiredWidth;


   int requiredHeightLocal = originalHeight;
   int requiredWidthLocal = originalWidth;

   double ratio = 0;

   // Check height first
   // If original height exceeds maximum, get new height and work ratio.
   if ( originalHeight > imgHeight )
   {
       ratio = double.Parse( ( (double) imgHeight / (double) originalHeight ).ToString() );
       requiredHeightLocal = imgHeight;
       requiredWidthLocal = (int) ( (decimal) originalWidth * (decimal) ratio );
   }

   // Check width second. It will most likely have been sized down enough
   // in the previous if statement. If not, change both dimensions here by width.
   // If new width exceeds maximum, get new width and height ratio.
   if ( requiredWidthLocal >= imgWidth )
   {
       ratio = double.Parse( ( (double) imgWidth / (double) originalWidth ).ToString() );
       requiredWidthLocal = imgWidth;
       requiredHeightLocal = (int) ( (double) originalHeight * (double) ratio );
   }

   int[] heightWidthDimensionArr = { requiredHeightLocal, requiredWidthLocal };

   return heightWidthDimensionArr;
}
}

Dieser Blogeintrag enthält den vollständigen Quellcode für die Größenanpassung und Komprimierung von Bildern (falls erforderlich).

http://blog.bombdefused.com/2010/08/bulk-image-optimizer-in-c-full-source.html

2
gb2d
public static System.Drawing.Image ScaleImage(System.Drawing.Image image, int maxImageHeight)
    {
        /* we will resize image based on the height/width ratio by passing expected height as parameter. Based on Expected height and current image height, new ratio will be arrived and using the same we will do the resizing of image width. */

        var ratio = (double)maxImageHeight / image.Height;
        var newWidth = (int)(image.Width * ratio);
        var newHeight = (int)(image.Height * ratio);
        var newImage = new Bitmap(newWidth, newHeight);
        using (var g = Graphics.FromImage(newImage))
        {
            g.DrawImage(image, 0, 0, newWidth, newHeight);
        }
        return newImage;
    }
0
JIYAUL MUSTAPHA
   // Fixed Size Image Generate Code
 protected void btnUpload_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {

 decimal size = Math.Round(((decimal)fUpload.PostedFile.ContentLength / (decimal)1024), 2);
        DirectoryInfo dir = new DirectoryInfo(MapPath("Images"));
        FileInfo[] files = dir.GetFiles();
         foreach (FileInfo info in files)
        {
              decimal size2 = Math.Round(((decimal)info.Length / (decimal)1024), 2);
              string Image_name = info.Name.ToString();
              string targetPath = Server.MapPath("Images/" + Image_name);
              string strm = Server.MapPath("Images/" + Image_name);
              var targetFile = targetPath;
              ReduceImageSize(0.5, strm, targetFile, Image_name);
         }
}

 public void ReduceImageSize(double scaleFactor, String sourcePath, string targetPath, string Image_name)
    {

 // Fixed Size Image Generate Code

       public void ReduceImageSize(double scaleFactor, String sourcePath, string targetPath, string Image_name)
    {
        using (var image = System.Drawing.Image.FromFile(sourcePath))
               {

            //var newWidth = (int)(image.Width  * scaleFactor);
            //var newHeight = (int)(image.Height * scaleFactor);
            var newWidth = (int)(500 * scaleFactor);
            var newHeight = (int)(500 * scaleFactor);
            var thumbnailImg = new Bitmap(newWidth, newHeight);
            var thumbGraph = Graphics.FromImage(thumbnailImg);
            thumbGraph.CompositingQuality = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.CompositingQuality.HighQuality;
            thumbGraph.SmoothingMode = SmoothingMode.HighQuality;
            thumbGraph.InterpolationMode = InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;
            var imageRectangle = new System.Drawing.RectangleF (0, 0, newWidth, newHeight);
            thumbGraph.DrawImage(image, imageRectangle);


            MemoryStream s = new MemoryStream();
            thumbnailImg.Save(s, System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Png);
            s.Position = 0;
            byte[] image2 = new byte[525000];// 512kb =525000  
            s.Read(image2, 0, image2.Length);

            Guid guid = Guid.NewGuid();
            string Server_MapPath = Server.MapPath("~/Image Compress/" + Image_name + guid.ToString() + ".PNG");//Your Compressor Image Save Path

            System.IO.FileStream fs = new System.IO.FileStream(Server_MapPath, System.IO.FileMode.Create, System.IO.FileAccess.ReadWrite);
            fs.Write(image2, 0, image2.Length);

        }
    }

Ich habe dies erfolgreich gemacht, indem ich eine Bitmap des Bildes erstellt und dann die Größe der Bitmap geändert habe. Ich bin nicht sicher, ob dies die beste oder effizienteste Methode ist, aber es funktioniert für mich.

In meinem Fall musste ich die Höhe und Breite des Bildes halbieren.

Hier ist was ich getan habe.

   private Image getImageFromBytes(byte[] myByteArray)
    {                        
        System.IO.MemoryStream newImageStream = new System.IO.MemoryStream(myByteArray, 0, myByteArray.Length);
        Image image = Image.FromStream(newImageStream, true);
        Bitmap resized = new Bitmap(image, image.Width / 2, image.Height / 2);
        image.Dispose();
        newImageStream.Dispose();
        return resized;
    }
0
Aaron
  decimal size = Math.Round(((decimal)fUpload.PostedFile.ContentLength / (decimal)1024), 2);
        DirectoryInfo dir = new DirectoryInfo(MapPath("Images"));
        FileInfo[] files = dir.GetFiles();
         foreach (FileInfo info in files)
        {
              decimal size2 = Math.Round(((decimal)info.Length / (decimal)1024), 2);
              string Image_name = info.Name.ToString();
              string targetPath = Server.MapPath("Images/" + Image_name);
              string strm = Server.MapPath("Images/" + Image_name);
              var targetFile = targetPath;
              ReduceImageSize(0.5, strm, targetFile, Image_name);
         }