So erstellen Sie ein Observable in Angular 2

Ich versuche, Angular 2 auszuwerten und habe Probleme mit Observablen.

Ich versuche, einen einfachen Dienst zu erstellen, der zunächst ein hartcodiertes Array zurückgibt, die Daten jedoch schließlich von einem Webservice abruft.

Ich kann es jedoch nicht dazu bringen, OK zu bauen.

Irgendwelche Ideen?

export class FleetListService {

  private data: Observable<Array<IFleet>>;

  constructor() { }

  fleets: IFleet[] = JSON.parse( `[{ "id": 1, "name": "John", "description": "John has been in the Audio/Video industry since 1990. He has led DevAv as its CEO since 2003. When not working hard as the CEO, John loves to golf and bowl. He once bowled a perfect game of 300.", "childCount": 5, "isUsed": true }, 
                                   { "id": 2, "name": "Olivia", "description": "Olivia loves to sell. She has been selling DevAV products since 2012. Olivia was homecoming queen in high school. She is expecting her first child in 6 months. Good Luck Olivia.", "childCount": 5 }, 
                                   { "id": 3, "name": "Robert", "description": "Robert was recently voted the CMO of the year by CMO Magazine. He is a proud member of the DevAV Management Team. Robert is a championship BBQ chef, so when you get the chance ask him for his secret recipe.", "childCount": 4 }, 
                                   { "id": 4, "name": "Greta", "description": "Greta has been DevAV's HR Manager since 2003. She joined DevAV from Sonee Corp.  Greta is currently training for the NYC marathon. Her best marathon time is 4 hours. Go Greta.", "childCount": 11 }, 
                                   { "id": 5, "name": "Brett", "description": "Brett came to DevAv from Microsoft and has led our IT department since 2012.  When he is not working hard for DevAV, he coaches Little League (he was a high school pitcher).", "childCount": 13 }, 
                                   { "id": 6, "name": "Sandra", "description": "Sandra is a CPA and has been our controller since 2008. She loves to interact with staff so if you've not met her, be certain to say hi.  Sandra has 2 daughters both of whom are accomplished gymnasts.", "childCount": 44 }, 
                                   { "id": 7, "name": "Kevin", "description": "Kevin is our hard-working shipping manager and has been helping that department work like clockwork for 18 months.  When not in the office, he is usually on the basketball court playing pick-up games.", "childCount": 5 }, 
                                   { "id": 8, "name": "Cynthia", "description": "Cindy joined us in 2008 and has been in the HR department for 2 years.   She was recently awarded employee of the month. Way to go Cindy!", "childCount": 4 }, 
                                   { "id": 9, "name": "Kent", "description": "As our ombudsman, Kent is on the front-lines solving customer problems and helping our partners address issues out in the field.    He is a classically trained musician and is a member of the Chamber Orchestra.", "childCount": 26 }, 
                                   { "id": 10, "name": "Taylor", "description": "If you are like the rest of us at DevAV, then you've probably reached out for help from Taylor. He does a great job as a member of our IT department.", "childCount": 5 }, 
                                   { "id": 11, "name": "Sam", "description": "Sammy is proud to be a member of the DevAV team. He joined the team in 2012 and has been in the sales department from the beginning.  He has just picked up golf so you can find him on the links every weekend.", "childCount": 11 }, 
                                   { "id": 12, "name": "Kelly", "description": "Kelly loves people and that's why she joined DevAV's support department. One of the funniest people in the company, she does stand-up on the weekends at the Laugh Factory.", "childCount": 5 }, 
                                   { "id": 13, "name": "Natalie", "description": "Natalie travels the US and teaches our partners how to explain the benefits of our products to customers.  She is a proud wife and mom and volunteers her time at the elementary school.", "childCount": 29 }, 
                                   { "id": 14, "name": "Walter", "description": "Walter has been developing apps and websites for DevAV since 2011. His passion is software and if you ever walk by his desk, you'll know why.  Wally once worked 72 hours straight - writing code and fixing bugs.", "childCount": 13 }]`);

  getFleets(): Observable<IFleet[]> {
    return new Observable((data : IFleet[]) => {
      return this.fleets;

Sie können die Methode Observable.of verwenden.

getFleets(): Observable<IFleet[]> {
     return Observable.of(this.fleet)

Vergessen Sie nicht, die folgende Zeile zu importieren

   import "rxjs/add/observable/of";  // For RxJs  5.0+

Für RxJS 6.x  

getFleets(): Observable<IFleet[]> {
         return of(this.fleet)

Importanweisung für "of"

import { of } from "rxjs";

Das kommt etwas spät, nur zur Klarstellung. Auf diese Weise können Sie ein einfaches Observable erstellen, falls Sie Ihr eigenes Versprechen nachahmen möchten. Sie machen 

let observable=Observable.create(observer => {
      setTimeout(() => {
        observer.next("data to send can be object or anything");
        console.log("am done");
        observer.complete(); // to show we are done with our processing
       // observer.error(new Error("error message"));
      }, 2000);


es zu abonnieren ist sehr einfach 

observable.subscribe((data) => {
console.log(data); // should be 'data to send can be object or anything'

sie können es auch mit dem toPromise() or fromPromise(observable)-Operator usw. in ein Versprechen umwandeln.


Dazu können Sie BehaviorSubject verwenden

export class FleetListService {
    public data: any = new BehaviorSubject('your hard coded data goes here');
    getdata() {
        //do your stuff
        this.FleetListService.next('new data got from server');

Eine der Varianten von Subjekten ist das BehaviorSubject, das eine Vorstellung von "dem aktuellen Wert" hat. Es speichert den neuesten Wert, der an seine Verbraucher ausgegeben wird, und wenn ein neuer Observer abonniert wird, erhält er sofort den "aktuellen Wert" vom BehaviorSubject . Der Betreff des Verhaltens gibt immer die letzten Daten zurück. Für mehr info

sudheer KB