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Wie kann ich den aktuellen Standort auf einer Google Map auf Android Marshmallow) anzeigen?

Ich möchte, dass Google Maps den Standort des Nutzers anzeigt. Ich habe diesen Code ausprobiert, aber auf Android 6.

private GoogleMap map;
LocationManager lm;
LocationListener ll;
Location l;

LatLng pos;

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.start_layout);

    lm = (LocationManager) this.getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);
    ll = new LocationListener() {
        @Override
        public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
            l = (Location) location;
        }

        @Override
        public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {}

        @Override
        public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {}

        @Override
        public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {}
    };

    SupportMapFragment mapFragment = (SupportMapFragment) getSupportFragmentManager()
            .findFragmentById(R.id.nMap);
    mapFragment.getMapAsync(this);
}

@Override
public void onMapReady(GoogleMap googleMap) {
    map = googleMap;

    if(ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
        lm.requestLocationUpdates(lm.NETWORK_PROVIDER, 0, 0, ll);
    }

    pos = new LatLng(l.getLatitude(), l.getLongitude());

    // Add a marker in Sydney and move the camera
    map.setMyLocationEnabled(true);
    map.addMarker(new MarkerOptions().position(pos).title("Marker in Sydney"));
    map.moveCamera(CameraUpdateFactory.newLatLng(pos));
}

Hier sind die Berechtigungen, die ich festgelegt habe:

<uses-permission Android:name="Android.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION" />
<uses-permission Android:name="Android.permission.INTERNET" />
47
Z4F1

Für die Verwendung von FusedLocationProviderClient mit Google Play Services 11 und höher:

siehe hier: So rufen Sie den aktuellen Standort in GoogleMap mit FusedLocationProviderClient ab

Für die Verwendung von (jetzt veralteten) FusedLocationProviderApi:

Wenn Ihr Projekt Google Play Services 10 oder niedriger verwendet, ist die Verwendung von FusedLocationProviderApi die optimale Wahl.

Das FusedLocationProviderApi bietet weniger Batterieverbrauch als die alte Open-Source-LocationManager-API. Wenn Sie bereits Google Play Services für Google Maps verwenden, gibt es keinen Grund, dies nicht zu tun.

Hier ist eine vollständige Aktivitätsklasse, die einen Marker an der aktuellen Position platziert und die Kamera an die aktuelle Position verschiebt.

Es prüft auch, ob die Standortberechtigung zur Laufzeit für Android 6 und höher (Marshmallow, Nougat, Oreo) vorliegt. Um die für Android M/Android 6 und höher müssen Sie sicherstellen, dass der Benutzer Ihrer App die Standortberechtigung erteilt hat, bevor Sie mGoogleMap.setMyLocationEnabled(true) aufrufen und auch bevor Sie Standortaktualisierungen anfordern.

public class MapLocationActivity extends AppCompatActivity
        implements OnMapReadyCallback,
        GoogleApiClient.ConnectionCallbacks,
        GoogleApiClient.OnConnectionFailedListener,
        LocationListener {

    GoogleMap mGoogleMap;
    SupportMapFragment mapFrag;
    LocationRequest mLocationRequest;
    GoogleApiClient mGoogleApiClient;
    Location mLastLocation;
    Marker mCurrLocationMarker;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState)
    {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        getSupportActionBar().setTitle("Map Location Activity");

        mapFrag = (SupportMapFragment) getSupportFragmentManager().findFragmentById(R.id.map);
        mapFrag.getMapAsync(this);
    }

    @Override
    public void onPause() {
        super.onPause();

        //stop location updates when Activity is no longer active
        if (mGoogleApiClient != null) {
            LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.removeLocationUpdates(mGoogleApiClient, this);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onMapReady(GoogleMap googleMap)
    {
        mGoogleMap=googleMap;
        mGoogleMap.setMapType(GoogleMap.MAP_TYPE_HYBRID);

        //Initialize Google Play Services
        if (Android.os.Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.M) {
            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this,
                    Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION)
                    == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
                //Location Permission already granted
                buildGoogleApiClient();
                mGoogleMap.setMyLocationEnabled(true);
            } else {
                //Request Location Permission
                checkLocationPermission();
            }
        }
        else {
            buildGoogleApiClient();
            mGoogleMap.setMyLocationEnabled(true);
        }
    }

    protected synchronized void buildGoogleApiClient() {
        mGoogleApiClient = new GoogleApiClient.Builder(this)
                .addConnectionCallbacks(this)
                .addOnConnectionFailedListener(this)
                .addApi(LocationServices.API)
                .build();
        mGoogleApiClient.connect();
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnected(Bundle bundle) {
        mLocationRequest = new LocationRequest();
        mLocationRequest.setInterval(1000);
        mLocationRequest.setFastestInterval(1000);
        mLocationRequest.setPriority(LocationRequest.PRIORITY_BALANCED_POWER_ACCURACY);
        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this,
                Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION)
                == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.requestLocationUpdates(mGoogleApiClient, mLocationRequest, this);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnectionSuspended(int i) {}

    @Override
    public void onConnectionFailed(ConnectionResult connectionResult) {}

    @Override
    public void onLocationChanged(Location location)
    {
        mLastLocation = location;
        if (mCurrLocationMarker != null) {
            mCurrLocationMarker.remove();
        }

        //Place current location marker
        LatLng latLng = new LatLng(location.getLatitude(), location.getLongitude());
        MarkerOptions markerOptions = new MarkerOptions();
        markerOptions.position(latLng);
        markerOptions.title("Current Position");
        markerOptions.icon(BitmapDescriptorFactory.defaultMarker(BitmapDescriptorFactory.HUE_Magenta));
        mCurrLocationMarker = mGoogleMap.addMarker(markerOptions);

        //move map camera
        mGoogleMap.moveCamera(CameraUpdateFactory.newLatLngZoom(latLng,11));

    }

    public static final int MY_PERMISSIONS_REQUEST_LOCATION = 99;
    private void checkLocationPermission() {
        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION)
                != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {

            // Should we show an explanation?
            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this,
                    Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION)) {

                // Show an explanation to the user *asynchronously* -- don't block
                // this thread waiting for the user's response! After the user
                // sees the explanation, try again to request the permission.
                new AlertDialog.Builder(this)
                        .setTitle("Location Permission Needed")
                        .setMessage("This app needs the Location permission, please accept to use location functionality")
                        .setPositiveButton("OK", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
                            @Override
                            public void onClick(DialogInterface dialogInterface, int i) {
                                //Prompt the user once explanation has been shown
                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(MapLocationActivity.this,
                                        new String[]{Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION},
                                        MY_PERMISSIONS_REQUEST_LOCATION );
                            }
                        })
                        .create()
                        .show();


            } else {
                // No explanation needed, we can request the permission.
                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this,
                        new String[]{Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION},
                        MY_PERMISSIONS_REQUEST_LOCATION );
            }
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode,
                                           String permissions[], int[] grantResults) {
        switch (requestCode) {
            case MY_PERMISSIONS_REQUEST_LOCATION: {
                // If request is cancelled, the result arrays are empty.
                if (grantResults.length > 0
                        && grantResults[0] == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {

                    // permission was granted, yay! Do the
                    // location-related task you need to do.
                    if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this,
                            Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION)
                            == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {

                        if (mGoogleApiClient == null) {
                            buildGoogleApiClient();
                        }
                        mGoogleMap.setMyLocationEnabled(true);
                    }

                } else {

                    // permission denied, boo! Disable the
                    // functionality that depends on this permission.
                    Toast.makeText(this, "permission denied", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                }
                return;
            }

            // other 'case' lines to check for other
            // permissions this app might request
        }
    }

}

activity_main.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:Android="http://schemas.Android.com/apk/res/Android"
    Android:orientation="vertical" Android:layout_width="match_parent"
    Android:layout_height="match_parent">

    <fragment xmlns:Android="http://schemas.Android.com/apk/res/Android"
        xmlns:tools="http://schemas.Android.com/tools"
        xmlns:map="http://schemas.Android.com/apk/res-auto"
        Android:layout_width="match_parent"
        Android:layout_height="match_parent"
        Android:id="@+id/map"
        tools:context=".MapLocationActivity"
        Android:name="com.google.Android.gms.maps.SupportMapFragment"/>

</LinearLayout>

Ergebnis:

Berechtigungserklärung bei Bedarf in einem AlertDialog anzeigen (dies geschieht, wenn der Benutzer eine Berechtigungsanforderung ablehnt oder die Berechtigung erteilt und sie später in den Einstellungen widerruft):

enter image description here

Fordern Sie den Benutzer zur Eingabe der Standortberechtigung auf, indem Sie ActivityCompat.requestPermissions() aufrufen:

enter image description here

Bewegen Sie die Kamera an den aktuellen Standort und platzieren Sie die Markierung, wenn die Standorterlaubnis erteilt wurde:

enter image description here

157
Daniel Nugent

Entschuldigung, aber das ist einfach viel zu viel Aufwand (oben), kurz und schnell . Wenn Sie das MapFragment haben, müssen Sie auch eine Karte erstellen, gehen Sie einfach wie folgt vor :

if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            googleMap.setMyLocationEnabled(true)
} else {
    // Show rationale and request permission.
}

Code ist in Kotlin , ich hoffe, es macht Ihnen nichts aus.

habe Spaß

Übrigens denke ich, dass dies ein Duplikat von: Aktuelle Position in Google Map-Fragment anzeigen ist

3
cV2

Stellen Sie zunächst sicher, dass Ihr API-Schlüssel gültig ist, und fügen Sie diesen in Ihr Manifest ein <uses-permission Android:name="Android.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION" />

Hier ist meine Kartenaktivität. Möglicherweise sind redundante Informationen enthalten, da diese von einem größeren Projekt stammen, das ich erstellt habe.

import Android.content.Intent;
import Android.content.IntentSender;
import Android.location.Location;
import Android.support.v4.app.FragmentActivity;
import Android.os.Bundle;
import Android.util.Log;
import Android.view.View;
import Android.widget.Button;
import Android.widget.Toast;

import com.google.Android.gms.common.ConnectionResult;
import com.google.Android.gms.common.api.GoogleApiClient;
import com.google.Android.gms.location.LocationListener;
import com.google.Android.gms.location.LocationRequest;
import com.google.Android.gms.location.LocationServices;
import com.google.Android.gms.maps.CameraUpdateFactory;
import com.google.Android.gms.maps.GoogleMap;
import com.google.Android.gms.maps.OnMapReadyCallback;
import com.google.Android.gms.maps.SupportMapFragment;
import com.google.Android.gms.maps.model.LatLng;
import com.google.Android.gms.maps.model.Marker;
import com.google.Android.gms.maps.model.MarkerOptions;

public class MapsActivity extends FragmentActivity implements
        GoogleApiClient.ConnectionCallbacks,
        GoogleApiClient.OnConnectionFailedListener,
        LocationListener {


    //These variable are initalized here as they need to be used in more than one methid
    private double currentLatitude; //lat of user
    private double currentLongitude; //long of user

    private double latitudeVillageApartmets= 53.385952001750184;
    private double longitudeVillageApartments= -6.599087119102478;


    public static final String TAG = MapsActivity.class.getSimpleName();

    private final static int CONNECTION_FAILURE_RESOLUTION_REQUEST = 9000;

    private GoogleMap mMap; // Might be null if Google Play services APK is not available.

    private GoogleApiClient mGoogleApiClient;
    private LocationRequest mLocationRequest;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_maps);
        setUpMapIfNeeded();

        mGoogleApiClient = new GoogleApiClient.Builder(this)
                .addConnectionCallbacks(this)
                .addOnConnectionFailedListener(this)
                .addApi(LocationServices.API)
                .build();

        // Create the LocationRequest object
        mLocationRequest = LocationRequest.create()
                .setPriority(LocationRequest.PRIORITY_HIGH_ACCURACY)
                .setInterval(10 * 1000)        // 10 seconds, in milliseconds
                .setFastestInterval(1 * 1000); // 1 second, in milliseconds
 }
    /*These methods all have to do with the map and wht happens if the activity is paused etc*/
    //contains lat and lon of another marker
    private void setUpMap() {

            MarkerOptions marker = new MarkerOptions().position(new LatLng(latitudeVillageApartmets, longitudeVillageApartments)).title("1"); //create marker
            mMap.addMarker(marker); // adding marker
    }

    //contains your lat and lon
    private void handleNewLocation(Location location) {
        Log.d(TAG, location.toString());

        currentLatitude = location.getLatitude();
        currentLongitude = location.getLongitude();

        LatLng latLng = new LatLng(currentLatitude, currentLongitude);

        MarkerOptions options = new MarkerOptions()
                .position(latLng)
                .title("You are here");
        mMap.addMarker(options);
        mMap.moveCamera(CameraUpdateFactory.newLatLngZoom((latLng), 11.0F));
    }

    @Override
    protected void onResume() {
        super.onResume();
        setUpMapIfNeeded();
        mGoogleApiClient.connect();
    }

    @Override
    protected void onPause() {
        super.onPause();

        if (mGoogleApiClient.isConnected()) {
            LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.removeLocationUpdates(mGoogleApiClient, this);
            mGoogleApiClient.disconnect();
        }
    }

    private void setUpMapIfNeeded() {
        // Do a null check to confirm that we have not already instantiated the map.
        if (mMap == null) {
            // Try to obtain the map from the SupportMapFragment.
            mMap = ((SupportMapFragment) getSupportFragmentManager().findFragmentById(R.id.map))
                    .getMap();
            // Check if we were successful in obtaining the map.
            if (mMap != null) {
                setUpMap();
            }

        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnected(Bundle bundle) {
        Location location = LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.getLastLocation(mGoogleApiClient);
        if (location == null) {
            LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.requestLocationUpdates(mGoogleApiClient, mLocationRequest, this);
        }
        else {
            handleNewLocation(location);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnectionSuspended(int i) {
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnectionFailed(ConnectionResult connectionResult) {
        if (connectionResult.hasResolution()) {
            try {
                // Start an Activity that tries to resolve the error
                connectionResult.startResolutionForResult(this, CONNECTION_FAILURE_RESOLUTION_REQUEST);
                /*
                 * Thrown if Google Play services canceled the original
                 * PendingIntent
                 */
            } catch (IntentSender.SendIntentException e) {
                // Log the error
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        } else {
            /*
             * If no resolution is available, display a dialog to the
             * user with the error.
             */
            Log.i(TAG, "Location services connection failed with code " + connectionResult.getErrorCode());
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
        handleNewLocation(location);
    }

}

Es gibt viele Methoden, die schwer zu verstehen sind, aber im Grunde alle aktualisieren die Karte, wenn sie pausiert ist usw. Es gibt auch Verbindungs-Timeouts usw. Leider habe ich versucht, Ihren Code zu reparieren, aber ich konnte nicht herausfinden, was war falsch.

0
JMeehan1