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android: Ansicht bei Berührung verschieben (ACTION_MOVE)

Ich möchte eine einfache Steuerung durchführen: einen Container mit Blick nach innen. Wenn ich den Behälter berühre und den Finger bewege, möchte ich die Ansicht verschieben, um meinem Finger zu folgen. 

Welchen Container (Layout) soll ich verwenden? Wie macht man das?

Ich brauche keine Oberfläche, sondern ein einfaches Layout.

157
Zelter Ady

Etwas wie das:

public class MyActivity extends Activity implements View.OnTouchListener {

TextView _view;
ViewGroup _root;
private int _xDelta;
private int _yDelta;

@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.main);

    _root = (ViewGroup)findViewById(R.id.root);

    _view = new TextView(this);
    _view.setText("TextView!!!!!!!!");

    RelativeLayout.LayoutParams layoutParams = new RelativeLayout.LayoutParams(150, 50);
    layoutParams.leftMargin = 50;
    layoutParams.topMargin = 50;
    layoutParams.bottomMargin = -250;
    layoutParams.rightMargin = -250;
    _view.setLayoutParams(layoutParams);

    _view.setOnTouchListener(this);
    _root.addView(_view);
}

public boolean onTouch(View view, MotionEvent event) {
    final int X = (int) event.getRawX();
    final int Y = (int) event.getRawY();
    switch (event.getAction() & MotionEvent.ACTION_MASK) {
        case MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN:
            RelativeLayout.LayoutParams lParams = (RelativeLayout.LayoutParams) view.getLayoutParams();
            _xDelta = X - lParams.leftMargin;
            _yDelta = Y - lParams.topMargin;
            break;
        case MotionEvent.ACTION_UP:
            break;
        case MotionEvent.ACTION_POINTER_DOWN:
            break;
        case MotionEvent.ACTION_POINTER_UP:
            break;
        case MotionEvent.ACTION_MOVE:
            RelativeLayout.LayoutParams layoutParams = (RelativeLayout.LayoutParams) view.getLayoutParams();
            layoutParams.leftMargin = X - _xDelta;
            layoutParams.topMargin = Y - _yDelta;
            layoutParams.rightMargin = -250;
            layoutParams.bottomMargin = -250;
            view.setLayoutParams(layoutParams);
            break;
    }
    _root.invalidate();
    return true;
}}

In main.xml nur RelativeLayout mit @+id/root 

223

Ich habe mit dem ViewPropertyAnimator einen einfachen Ansatz gefunden:

float dX, dY;

@Override
public boolean onTouch(View view, MotionEvent event) {

    switch (event.getAction()) {

        case MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN:

            dX = view.getX() - event.getRawX();
            dY = view.getY() - event.getRawY();
            break;

        case MotionEvent.ACTION_MOVE:

            view.animate()
                    .x(event.getRawX() + dX)
                    .y(event.getRawY() + dY)
                    .setDuration(0)
                    .start();
            break;
        default:
            return false;
    }
    return true;
}
314
Andrey

Wenn Sie nach dem @Andrey-Ansatz die Ansicht von der Mitte aus verschieben möchten, müssen Sie nur die halbe Höhe und Breite der Ansicht von der Bewegung abziehen.

float dX, dY;

@Override
public boolean onTouchEvent(View view, MotionEvent event) {
    switch (event.getAction()) {
        case MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN:
            dX = view.getX() - event.getRawX();
            dY = view.getY() - event.getRawY();
            break;
        case MotionEvent.ACTION_MOVE:
            view.animate()
                .x(event.getRawX() + dX - (view.getWidth() / 2))
                .y(event.getRawY() + dY - (view.getHeight() / 2))
                .setDuration(0)
                .start();
            break;
        default:
            return false;
    }
    return true;
}
9
Julio Gómez

Im folgenden Code habe ich etwas namens RegionView ( git ) erstellt. Dies ist ein wiederverwendbarer Container, der für die Verwaltung von Drag- und Zoom-Vorgängen für jedes der verschachtelten untergeordneten Elemente verantwortlich ist. 

Hier manipulieren wir die top- und left-Koeffizienten eines View-Objekts eines LayoutParamsVARIABLE__, um eine Bewegung um das Diagramm herum zu simulieren. Durch die Entkopplung der Interpretation der Verarbeitung, die als Ziehoperation verstanden wird, und der als Skalenoperation ermittelten Werte, können wir eine zuverlässige Manipulation eines Kindes View bereitstellen.

package com.zonal.regionview;

import Android.annotation.TargetApi;
import Android.content.Context;
import Android.os.Build;
import Android.os.Vibrator;
import Android.support.annotation.Nullable;
import Android.util.AttributeSet;
import Android.util.Log;
import Android.view.GestureDetector;
import Android.view.MotionEvent;
import Android.view.ScaleGestureDetector;
import Android.view.View;
import Android.widget.RelativeLayout;

import Java.util.HashMap;
import Java.util.Map;

/**
 * Created by Alexander Thomas (@Cawfree) on 20/07/2017.
 */

/** Enables users to customize Regions Of Interest on a Canvas. */
public class RegionView extends RelativeLayout implements View.OnTouchListener, GestureDetector.OnGestureListener, ScaleGestureDetector.OnScaleGestureListener {

    /* Member Variables. */
    private final GestureDetector      mGestureDetector;
    private final ScaleGestureDetector mScaleGestureDetector;
    private final Map<Integer, View>   mViewMap;
    private       boolean              mScaling;
    private       float                mScale;
    private       boolean              mWrapContent;
    private       boolean              mDropOnScale;

    public RegionView(Context context) {
        // Implement the Parent.
        super(context);
        // Initialize Member Variables.
        this.mGestureDetector      = new GestureDetector(context, this);
        this.mViewMap              = new HashMap<>();
        this.mScaleGestureDetector = new ScaleGestureDetector(context, this);
        this.mScaling              = false;
        this.mScale                = Float.NaN;
        this.mWrapContent          = false;
        this.mDropOnScale          = false;
        // Register ourself as the OnTouchListener.
        this.setOnTouchListener(this);
    }

    public RegionView(Context context, @Nullable AttributeSet attrs) {
        // Implement the Parent.
        super(context, attrs);
        // Initialize Member Variables.
        this.mGestureDetector      = new GestureDetector(context, this);
        this.mViewMap              = new HashMap<>();
        this.mScaleGestureDetector = new ScaleGestureDetector(context, this);
        this.mScaling              = false;
        this.mWrapContent          = false;
        this.mDropOnScale          = false;
        // Register ourself as the OnTouchListener.
        this.setOnTouchListener(this);
    }

    public RegionView(Context context, @Nullable AttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr) {
        // Implement the Parent.
        super(context, attrs, defStyleAttr);
        // Initialize Member Variables.
        this.mGestureDetector      = new GestureDetector(context, this);
        this.mViewMap              = new HashMap<>();
        this.mScaleGestureDetector = new ScaleGestureDetector(context, this);
        this.mScaling              = false;
        this.mWrapContent          = false;
        this.mDropOnScale          = false;
        // Register ourself as the OnTouchListener.
        this.setOnTouchListener(this);
    }

    @TargetApi(Build.VERSION_CODES.Lollipop)
    public RegionView(Context context, @Nullable AttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr, int defStyleRes) {
        // Implement the Parent.
        super(context, attrs, defStyleAttr, defStyleRes);
        // Initialize Member Variables.
        this.mGestureDetector      = new GestureDetector(context, this);
        this.mViewMap              = new HashMap<>();
        this.mScaleGestureDetector = new ScaleGestureDetector(context, this);
        this.mScaling              = false;
        this.mWrapContent          = false;
        this.mDropOnScale          = false;
        // Register ourself as the OnTouchListener.
        this.setOnTouchListener(this);
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onTouch(final View v, final MotionEvent event) {
        // Calculate the PointerId.
        final int lPointerId = event.getPointerId(event.getActionIndex());
        // Handle the TouchEvent.
        this.getGestureDetector().onTouchEvent(event);
        this.getScaleGestureDetector().onTouchEvent(event);
        // Did the user release a pointer?
        if(event.getAction() == MotionEvent.ACTION_UP) {
            // Was there a View associated with this Action?
            final View lView = this.getViewMap().get(lPointerId);
            // Does the View exist?
            if(lView != null) {
                // Remove the View from the Map.
                this.getViewMap().remove(lPointerId); /** TODO: Provide a Callback? */
            }
        }
        // Consume all events for now.
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onDown(MotionEvent e) {
        // Calculate the PointerId.
        final Integer lPointerId = Integer.valueOf(e.getPointerId(e.getActionIndex()));
        // Fetch the View.
        final View    lView      = this.getViewFor(Math.round(e.getRawX()), Math.round(e.getRawY()));
        // Is it valid?
        if(lView != null) {
            // Watch the View.
            this.getViewMap().put(lPointerId, lView);
            // Configure the Anchor.
            lView.setPivotX(0);
            lView.setPivotY(0);
            // Assert that we handled the event.
            return true;
        }
        // Assert that we ignored the event.
        return false;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onScroll(MotionEvent e1, MotionEvent e2, float distanceX, float distanceY) {
        // Are we not scaling?
        if(!this.isScaling()) {
            // Calculate the PointerId.
            final Integer lPointerId = Integer.valueOf(e1.getPointerId(e1.getActionIndex()));
            // Fetch the View.
            final View    lView      = this.getViewMap().get(lPointerId);
            // Is the scroll valid for a given View?
            if(lView != null) {
                // Calculate the Scaled Width and Height of the View.
                final float lWidth    = lView.getWidth()  * lView.getScaleX();
                final float lHeight   = lView.getHeight() * lView.getScaleY();
                // Declare the initial position.
                final int[] lPosition = new int[] { (int)(e2.getX() - ((lWidth)  / 2)), (int)(e2.getY() - ((lHeight) / 2)) };
                // Are we wrapping content?
                if(this.isWrapContent()) {
                    // Wrap the Position.
                    this.onWrapContent(lPosition, lWidth, lHeight);
                }
                // Update the Drag.
                this.onUpdateDrag(lView, lPosition);
            }
            // Assert we handled the scroll.
            return true;
        }
        // Otherwise, don't permit scrolling. Don't consume the MotionEvent.
        return false;
    }

    /** Forces X/Y values to be coerced within the confines of the RegionView. */
    private final void onWrapContent(final int[] pPosition, final float pWidth, final float pHeight) {
        // Limit the parameters. (Top-Left)
        pPosition[0] = Math.max(pPosition[0], 0);
        pPosition[1] = Math.max(pPosition[1],  0);
        // Limit the parameters. (Bottom-Right)
        pPosition[0] = Math.min(pPosition[0], (int)(this.getWidth()  - pWidth));
        pPosition[1] = Math.min(pPosition[1], (int)(this.getHeight() - pHeight));
    }

    /** Updates the Drag Position of a child View within the Layout. Implicitly, we update the LayoutParams of the View. */
    private final void onUpdateDrag(final View pView, final int pLeft, final int pTop) {
        // Allocate some new MarginLayoutParams.
        final MarginLayoutParams lMarginLayoutParams = new MarginLayoutParams(pView.getLayoutParams());
        // Update the Margin.
        lMarginLayoutParams.setMargins(pLeft, pTop, 0, 0);
        // Refactor the MarginLayoutParams into equivalent LayoutParams for the RelativeLayout.
        pView.setLayoutParams(new RelativeLayout.LayoutParams(lMarginLayoutParams));
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onScale(ScaleGestureDetector detector) {
        // Calculate the ScaleFactor.
              float lScaleFactor = detector.getScaleFactor() - 1;
        // Fetch the Scaled View.
        final View  lView        = this.getViewMap().entrySet().iterator().next().getValue();
        // Update the ScaleFactor.
        final float lScale       = this.getScale() + lScaleFactor;
        // Calculate the Proposed Width and Height.
        final int   lWidth  = Math.round(lView.getWidth()  * lScale);
        final int   lHeight = Math.round(lView.getHeight() * lScale);
        // Is the View already too large for wrap content?
        if(lWidth >= this.getWidth() || lHeight >= this.getHeight()) {
            // Don't update the scale.
            return false;
        }
        // Persist this Scale for the View.
        lView.setScaleX(lScale);
        lView.setScaleY(lScale);
        // Assign the Scale.
        this.setScale(lScale);
        // Compute the Position.
        final int[] lPosition = new int[] { Math.round(detector.getFocusX()) - (lWidth / 2), Math.round(detector.getFocusY()) - (lHeight / 2) };
        // Are we wrapping the Position?
        if(this.isWrapContent()) {
            // Wrap the Position.
            this.onWrapContent(lPosition, lWidth, lHeight);
        }
        // Update the Drag.
        this.onUpdateDrag(lView, lPosition);
        // Assert that we handled the scale.
        return true;
    }

    /** Update the Drag. */
    private final void onUpdateDrag(final View pView, final int[] pPosition) {
        // Call the sub-implementation.
        this.onUpdateDrag(pView, pPosition[0], pPosition[1]);
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onScaleBegin(ScaleGestureDetector detector) { 
        // Is the user not dragging at all?
        if(this.getViewMap().size() == 1) {
            // Fetch the View.
            final View lView = this.getViewMap().entrySet().iterator().next().getValue();
            // Initialize the Scale.
            this.setScale(lView.getScaleX()); 
            // Assert that we've started scaling.
            this.setScaling(true);
            // Inform the callback.
            return true;
        }
        // Otherwise, don't allow scaling.
        return false;
    }

    @Override
    public void onScaleEnd(ScaleGestureDetector detector) {
        // Were we scaling?
        if(this.isScaling()) {
            // Assert that we've stopped scaling.
            this.setScaling(false);
            // Reset the Scale.
            this.setScale(Float.NaN);
            // Should we stop dragging now that we've finished scaling?
            if(this.isDropOnScale()) {
                // Clear the ViewMap.
                this.getViewMap().clear();
            }
        }
    }

    /** Returns the View colliding with the given co-ordinates. */
    private final View getViewFor(final int pX, final int pY) {
        // Declare the LocationBuffer.
        final int[] lLocationBuffer = new int[2];
        // Iterate the Views.
        for(int i = 0; i < this.getChildCount(); i++) {
            // Fetch the child View.
            final View lView = this.getChildAt(i);
            // Fetch its absolute position.
            lView.getLocationOnScreen(lLocationBuffer);
            // Determine if the MotionEvent collides with the View.
            if(pX > lLocationBuffer[0] && pY > lLocationBuffer[1] && (pX < lLocationBuffer[0] + (lView.getWidth() * lView.getScaleX())) && (pY < lLocationBuffer[1] + (lView.getHeight() * lView.getScaleY()))) {
                // Return the View.
                return lView;
            }
        }
        // We couldn't find a View.
        return null;
    }

    /* Unused Overrides. */
    @Override public void      onShowPress(MotionEvent e) {  }
    @Override public boolean onSingleTapUp(MotionEvent e) {
        return false;
    }
    @Override public void      onLongPress(MotionEvent e) { }
    @Override public boolean       onFling(MotionEvent e1, MotionEvent e2, float velocityX, float velocityY) { return false; }

    /* Getters and Setters. */
    private final GestureDetector getGestureDetector() {
        return this.mGestureDetector;
    }

    private final ScaleGestureDetector getScaleGestureDetector() {
        return this.mScaleGestureDetector;
    }

    private final Map<Integer, View> getViewMap() {
        return this.mViewMap;
    }

    private final void setScaling(final boolean pIsScaling) {
        this.mScaling = pIsScaling;
    }

    private final boolean isScaling() {
        return this.mScaling;
    }

    private final void setScale(final float pScale) {
        this.mScale = pScale;
    }

    private final float getScale() {
        return this.mScale;
    }

    /** Defines whether we coerce the drag and zoom of child Views within the confines of the Layout. */
    public final void setWrapContent(final boolean pIsWrapContent) {
        this.mWrapContent = pIsWrapContent;
    }

    public final boolean isWrapContent() {
        return this.mWrapContent;
    }

    /** Defines whether a drag operation is considered 'finished' once the user finishes scaling a view. */
    public final void setDropOnScale(final boolean pIsDropOnScale) {
        this.mDropOnScale = pIsDropOnScale;
    }

    public final boolean isDropOnScale() {
        return this.mDropOnScale;
    }

}

Hier zeige ich ein Anwendungsbeispiel:

package com.zonal.regionview;

import Android.support.annotation.Nullable;
import Android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import Android.os.Bundle;
import Android.widget.AnalogClock;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(@Nullable Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        // Allocate a RegionView.
        final RegionView lRegionView = new RegionView(this);
        // Add some example items to drag.
        lRegionView.addView(new AnalogClock(this));
        lRegionView.addView(new AnalogClock(this));
        lRegionView.addView(new AnalogClock(this));
        // Assert that we only want to drag Views within the confines of the RegionView.
        lRegionView.setWrapContent(true);
        // Assert that after we've finished scaling a View, we want to stop being able to drag it until a new drag is started.
        lRegionView.setDropOnScale(true);
        // Look at the RegionView.
        this.setContentView(lRegionView);
    }

}
1
Mapsy

Ich empfehle, view.translationX und view.translationY zu verwenden, um Ihre Ansichten zu verschieben.

Kotlin-Schnipsel:

yourView.translationX = xTouchCoordinate
yourView.translationY = yTouchCoordinate
0
Jonny Right

Erstellen Sie eine benutzerdefinierte Touch-Listener-Klasse (in Kotlin):

(Dieser Code verhindert, dass Ihre Ansicht aus der übergeordneten Ansicht gezogen wird.)

class CustomTouchListener(val screenWidth: Int, val screenHeight: Int) : View.OnTouchListener {
    private var dX: Float = 0.toFloat()
    private var dY: Float = 0.toFloat()

    override fun onTouch(view: View, event: MotionEvent): Boolean {

        val newX: Float
        val newY: Float

        when (event.action) {
            MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN -> {
                dX = view.x - event.rawX
                dY = view.y - event.rawY
            }
            MotionEvent.ACTION_MOVE -> {

                newX = event.rawX + dX
                newY = event.rawY + dY

                if ((newX <= 0 || newX >= screenWidth - view.width) || (newY <= 0 || newY >= screenHeight - view.height)) {
                    return true
                }

                view.animate()
                    .x(newX)
                    .y(newY)
                    .setDuration(0)
                    .start()
            }
            else -> return true
        }
        return true
    }
}

Wie benutzt man es?

parentView.viewTreeObserver.addOnGlobalLayoutListener { view.setOnTouchListener(CustomTouchListener(parentView.width, parentView.height)) }

parentView ist das übergeordnete Element Ihrer Ansicht.

0
Misagh

Die Lösung von @Vyacheslav Shylkin wurde etwas geändert, um Abhängigkeiten von manuell eingegebenen Zahlen zu entfernen.

import Android.app.Activity;
import Android.os.Bundle;
import Android.view.MotionEvent;
import Android.view.View;
import Android.view.ViewTreeObserver;
import Android.widget.ImageView;
import Android.widget.RelativeLayout;

public class MainActivity extends Activity implements View.OnTouchListener
{
    private int       _xDelta;
    private int       _yDelta;
    private int       _rightMargin;
    private int       _bottomMargin;
    private ImageView _floatingView;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState)
    {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        this._floatingView = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.textView);

        this._floatingView.getViewTreeObserver().addOnPreDrawListener(new ViewTreeObserver.OnPreDrawListener()
        {
            @Override
            public boolean onPreDraw()
            {
                if (_floatingView.getViewTreeObserver().isAlive())
                    _floatingView.getViewTreeObserver().removeOnPreDrawListener(this);

                updateLayoutParams(_floatingView);
                return false;
            }
        });

        this._floatingView.setOnTouchListener(this);
    }

    private void updateLayoutParams(View view)
    {
        this._rightMargin = -view.getMeasuredWidth();
        this._bottomMargin = -view.getMeasuredHeight();

        RelativeLayout.LayoutParams layoutParams = new RelativeLayout.LayoutParams(view.getMeasuredWidth(), view.getMeasuredHeight());
        layoutParams.bottomMargin = this._bottomMargin;
        layoutParams.rightMargin = this._rightMargin;

        view.setLayoutParams(layoutParams);
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onTouch(View view, MotionEvent event)
    {
        if (view == this._floatingView)
        {
            final int X = (int) event.getRawX();
            final int Y = (int) event.getRawY();

            switch (event.getAction() & MotionEvent.ACTION_MASK)
            {
                case MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN:
                    RelativeLayout.LayoutParams lParams = (RelativeLayout.LayoutParams) view.getLayoutParams();
                    this._xDelta = X - lParams.leftMargin;
                    this._yDelta = Y - lParams.topMargin;
                    break;

                case MotionEvent.ACTION_MOVE:
                    RelativeLayout.LayoutParams layoutParams = (RelativeLayout.LayoutParams) view.getLayoutParams();
                    layoutParams.leftMargin = X - this._xDelta;
                    layoutParams.topMargin = Y - this._yDelta;
                    layoutParams.rightMargin = this._rightMargin;
                    layoutParams.bottomMargin = this._bottomMargin;
                    view.setLayoutParams(layoutParams);
                    break;
            }

            return true;
        }
        else
        {
            return false;
        }
    }
}
0
Sa Qada

Gleiche Implementierung in Kotlin  

    rightPanel.setOnTouchListener(View.OnTouchListener { view, event ->
        when (event?.action) {
            MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN -> {

                rightDX = view!!.x - event.rawX
                // rightDY = view!!.getY() - event.rawY;

            }
            MotionEvent.ACTION_MOVE -> {

                var displacement = event.rawX + rightDX

                view!!.animate()
                        .x(displacement)
                        // .y(event.getRawY() + rightDY)
                        .setDuration(0)
                        .start()
            }
            else -> { // Note the block
                [email protected] false
            }
        }
        true
0
Hitesh Sahu